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The W3C Team includes 67 people working from locations across the globe. Read more about W3C’s functional organization.W3C is hosted by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory [MIT/CSAIL] in the United States, at the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics [ERCIM] in Sophia-Antipolis in France, at the Keio University Shonan Fujisawa Campus in Japan and at the Beihang University in China. With a truly international flavor, the Team includes engineers from more than 10 different countries.
Shadi Abou-Zahra works with the W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) as the Accessibility Strategy and Technology Specialist. He coordinates accessibility priorities in the W3C Strategy team, as well as international promotion, coordination, and harmonization of web accessibility standards. Shadi also maintains WAI liaisons with key stakeholders including disability, research, and standards organizations, as well as coordinates WAI outreach in Europe, accessibility evaluation techniques, and European-funded projects on accessibility.
See W3C page for Shadi Abou-Zahra.
From October 2013 to May 2014, he joined the Interaction Domain to work on the HTML5 test suite.
Denis is now based in Reunion Island
Caroline Baron Finance and Administrative manager
Tim is now the overall Director of the W3C. He is the 3COM Founders Professor of Engineering in the School of Engineering, and at the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT's CSAIL.
Tim founded and is on the board of the World Wide Web Foundation, whose mission is consistent with W3C's only broader. The Web Foundation will put the power of the Web into the hands of people around the world through effective, high-impact programs.
Tim invented the World Wide Web in 1989 while working at CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland. He wrote the first WWW client (a browser-editor running under NeXTStep) and the first WWW server along with most of the communications software, defining URLs, HTTP and HTML. Prior to his work at CERN, Tim was a founding director of Image Computer Systems, a consultant in hardware and software system design, real-time communications graphics and text processing, and a principal engineer with Plessey Telecommunications in Poole, England. He is a graduate of Oxford University. More...
Alan Bird is the Global Business Development Lead for W3C. In this role, Mr. Bird leads W3C staff efforts internationally to strengthen the W3C Membership program, identify business development strategies, and seek new revenue streams to support the organization. Alan joined W3C in January 2011.
Before joining W3C, Alan was a key executive in two small information security companies where he drove strategic business development. Prior to these appointments, he spent several years each with IBM, Compuware, Legent, and Cullinet in a wide variety of roles, many of which involved creating new business opportunities. Earlier in his career, he worked in the IT organization of Burlington Industries, AVX Ceramics, Family Dollar Stores, and Ingersoll-Rand. This combination of work experiences has provided Alan with a solid foundation from which to drive W3C’s business development activities.
Bert Bos completed his Ph.D. in Groningen, The Netherlands, on a prototyping language for graphical user interfaces. He then went on to develop a browser targeted at humanities scholars, before joining the W3C at INRIA/Sophia-Antipolis in October 1995. He is co-inventor of CSS and created & led W3C's Internationalization activity. After working on HTML and XML, he led for many years the CSS and later also the Mathematics activities. He is now working on privacy technologies and is part of the W3C communications team.
Carine joined the W3C team in December 2001 as XML engineer in the Jigsaw HTTP server development team.
She holds an engineer degree and a PhD in Computer Science, with a research area in distributed artificial intelligence and multi-agent systems.
Since 2002, she has worked in the Web Services Activity and the XML Activity as staff contact for multiple Working Groups, in several EU-funded projects, and in the Systems and development Team, in charge of the Invited Experts Applications system and the Patent Policy tools.
Currently exclusively in the Projects team, and staff for WebRTC WG, Distributed Tracing WG, Web Performance WG.
Judy Brewer joined W3C in September 1997 as Director of the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) International Program Office. She coordinates Web accessibility work at W3C, helping to ensure that W3C technologies support accessibility; developing guidelines for Web content, browsers, and authoring tools; improving tools for evaluation and repair of Web sites; conducting education and outreach; coordinating with research and development that can affect future Web accessibility; and promoting international harmonization of web accessibility standards in order to accelerate uptake and implementation of accessibility.
Judy is W3C's chief liaison on accessibility policy and standardization internationally, promoting awareness and implementation of Web accessibility, and ensuring effective dialog among industry, the disability community, accessibility researchers, and government on the development of consensus-based accessibility solutions. She is a Principle Research Scientist at MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL), where W3C is headquartered.
Prior to joining W3C, Judy was Project Director for the Massachusetts Assistive Technology Partnership, a U.S. federally-funded project promoting access to assistive technology for people with disabilities. She worked on several national initiatives to increase access to mainstream technology for people with disabilities and to improve dialog between industry and the disability community. Judy has a background in applied linguistics, education, technical writing, management, disability advocacy, and biotechnology.
Laurent joined the W3C team in September 2000
to participate in the development of Amaya. He is now part of the Sytems Team.
Before joining the W3C, he worked as an engineer at INRIA Grenoble.
Laurent hold an engineering degree in computer science from the CNAM Grenoble (Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers) in 1997.
François takes part in on-going discussions and developments around the convergence between Web and media, serving both as Entertainment Champion in the Industry team and as Media Specialist in the Strategy team. François is also staff contact for the media-related Media Working Group and Second Screen Working Group.
François initially joined W3C in November 2007 from Microsoft where he integrated an on-portal mobile search engine called MotionBridge. From 2007 to 2011, he served as staff contact for the Mobile Web Best Practices Working Group, the Web and TV Interest Group, the Web Real-Time Communications Working Group and was co-Activity Lead for the Web and TV Activity. He left W3C at the end of 2011 to develop cross-platform Web applications in a French start-up called Joshfire. François came back to W3C on May 2014.
Marie-Claire Forgue serves as Head of W3C Training. She developed the W3Cx MOOC program, in partnership with edX, where Web developers worldwide can learn front-end Web development techniques using W3C Web standards. Previously, she crafted W3DevCampus, a learning platorm hosting small private courses. Additionally, Marie-Claire is a member of the W3C Developer relations team, organizing W3C dev. meetups and participating in online and in-person communities via forums, social media (@w3cdevs), etc. She also participates in the dissemination activities of European projects administered by ERCIM. She joined W3C in 2001 and served as Head of W3C European Communications for over 10 years.
Marie-Claire received a Ph.D. degree (computer graphics and parallel processing) in Computer Science from the University of Côte d'Azur and INRIA, France. After a year as a postdoctoral fellow at the Dynamic Graphics Project Lab at the University of Toronto, Canada, she worked at NTT's Human Interface Lab, Japan, for two years. Her research interests were focused on illumination algorithms and scene modeling. After that, she studied filmmaking in Vancouver, Canada. She has directed several short films and documentaries, and got interested in interactive multimedia back in 1993.
Ted joined the W3C in January of 2000. He comes to the Consortium from the corporate IT community having worked for a mortgage and investment company, a power utility, an internet service provider, and a marketing and communications company. He earned a bachelors in Russian from Hobart College. He also spent some time as an English as a Second Language and Mathematics instructor.
Sandro Hawke has been a Software Developer and Systems Architect at W3C specializing in data interoperability standards and decentralization since 2000. He currently leads the Credible Web effort which received generous support from the Google News Initiative, the Facebook Journalism Project, and the Craig Newmark Graduate School of Journalism at CUNY. He served as staff contact for the Working Groups behind RDF, OWL, SPARQL, SHACL, PROV, RIF, LDP, WebSub, WebMention, ActivityStreams, ActivityPub, and more. Sandro's professional focus is on developing trustworthy prosocial global-scale decentralized systems using ideas from both Web Architecture and Knowledge Representation. He occasionally blogs at decentralyze.com and posts at @email@example.com and @firstname.lastname@example.org.
Name pronunciation: I say it like "SAND-row HAWK", but SOND-row is fine, too.
Pronouns: He/Him/His or They/Them/Theirs
Dominique is W3C Developer Relationships Lead, W3C Community Development Lead (in charge of managing the Community Groups program), champion for the Telecommunication Industry in W3C, part of the W3C Project Management team, W3C Strategy Specialist on Virtual and Augmented Reality, and serves as staff contact in the Web Real-Time Communications Working Group, the Immersive Web Working Group, and the Web & Networks Interest Group. He also develops tools and applications as needed in his various roles.
He joined initially W3C’s Communication and Systems Team as a member of the Webmaster Team in October 2000; after having joined then lead the QA Activity until September 2005, Dom took part to the Mobile Web Initiative as Staff Contact for the Best Practices Working Group and later as co-Chair of the Mobile Web Test Suites Working Group. Dom also served as Staff Contact for the Device and sensors Working Group
Dominique holds an engineering degree from the “Grande Ecole” École Centrale Paris.
Shawn joined W3C in February 2003 to lead worldwide education and outreach activities promoting web accessibility for people with disabilities through the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI). [Shawn Lawton Henry at W3C WAI] Prior to joining W3C, Shawn worked as a consultant with research centers, education providers, government agencies, non-profit organizations, Fortune 500 companies, and international standards organizations to develop and implement strategies to optimize design for usability and accessibility. She holds a BSc in English with focus on computer science and technical writing, and an MSc in Digital Inclusion. [About Shawn]
Ivan joined the W3C team as Head of Offices in January 2001. He served as Head of Offices until June 2006, then as the Semantic Web Activity Lead until December 2013 and then, finally, as the Publishing@W3C Technical Lead. He is currently a W3C Fellow for CWI, member of the W3C Strategy as well as the Technical & Architecture teams as focusing on Digital Publishing and (in the T&A team) on of Web of Data related activities. Since fall 2019, he is also active in the area of Verifiable Credentials and Decentralized Identities.
Ivan graduated as mathematician at the Eötvös Loránd University of Budapest, Hungary, in 1979. After a brief scholarship at the Université Paris VI he joined the Hungarian research institute in computer science (SZTAKI) where he worked for 6 years. He left Hungary in 1986 and, after a few years in industry, he joined the Centre for Mathematics and Computer Sciences (CWI) in Amsterdam where he has held a tenure position since 1988. He received a PhD degree in Computer Science in 1990 at the Leiden University, in the Netherlands.
Dr. Philipp Hoschka is General Manager of ERCIM and a Deputy Director of the W3C. He was founding W3C Industry Lead. He was responsible for W3C industry relationships; including having mutually reinforcing visions; working well in their ecosystems, and identifying new industry requirements for W3C Working Groups. His current work focuses on the "Web of Things", which is about leveraging open Web technology to overcome current silos in the "Internet of Things". In 2012, Philipp launched W3C efforts on automotive, focusing on the use of HTML5 for in-car infotainment apps. He also founded W3C's Ubiquitous Web Domain which had the mission to bring the benefits of Web technology to the emerging "Post-PC" world, including mobile and television devices. In the past, Philipp created W3C's Mobile Web Initiative and pioneered work on integrating audio and video into the Web leading to the W3C Standard SMIL. Philipp has been principal investigator in six EC research projects supporting the Ubiquitous Web Vision (MWeb, 3GWeb, MobiWeb2.0, OMWeb, MobiWebApp, HTML5Apps). Philipp holds a Ph.D. degree in Computer Science, and a Master's Degree in Computer Science from the University of Karlsruhe, Germany. He was visiting scholar at MIT LCS from 1998 until 2002.
Chunming Hu Deputy Director of W3C
Kenzo Ishida Graphic Design Volunteer
Richard joined the W3C team in July 2002, where he is Strategy Specialist and also Architecture & Technology Specialist for internationalization. He is staff contact for and contributes technically to the W3C Internationalization Working Group.
He serves on the Unicode Editorial Committee and the Unicode Conference board (and has a Unicode Bulldog Award), and coordinated the MultilingualWeb initiative. He developed the W3C Internationalization Checker, and in his spare time creates tools (such as UniView) for working with characters and scripts.
Richard has a background in translation and interpreting, computational linguistics, software engineering, and translation tools. Prior to joining the W3C, he was a Global Design Consultant at Xerox, providing services and training to external clients as well as to internal development teams with regard to the international design and localizability of user interfaces and documents. He received a corporate award for work on the Xerox product development process.
From September 2004 through January 2015, Ian was the Head of W3C Marketing and Communications. He managed the Consortium's Comm activities, including press, publications, branding, marketing, and aspects of Member relations.
Ian began at W3C in 1997 and for 7 years co-edited a number of specifications, including HTML 4.0, CSS2, DOM Level 1, three WAI Guidelines (Web Content, User Agent, Authoring Tool), the TAG's Architecture of the World Wide Web, and the W3C Process Document.
Ian received a degree in Engineering from Yale then a master's degree in software engineering from the CERICS in France. Ian then worked as a software engineer for five years, including at the INRIA.
Dr. Jeffrey Jaffe became the W3C CEO on 8 March 2010. In this role he works with Director Tim Berners-Lee, staff, and membership, and the public to evolve and communicate the W3C's vision. He is responsible for all of W3C's global operations, for maintaining the interests of all of W3C's stakeholders, and for sustaining a culture of cooperation and transparency, so that W3C continues to be the leading forum for the technical development and stewardship of the Web.
After receiving a Ph.D. in computer science from MIT in 1979, Jeff joined IBM's Thomas J. Watson Research Center. During his tenure at IBM, he held a wide variety of technical and management positions, including vice president, Systems and Software Research, corporate vice president of technology, and general manager of IBM's SecureWay business unit, where he was responsible for IBM's security, directory, and networking software business.
Jeff then served as president of Bell Labs Research and Advanced Technologies, where he established new facilities in Ireland and India, and served as chairman of the board of the New Jersey Nanotechnology Consortium.
Most recently, Jeff served as the Executive Vice President and Chief Technology Officer for Novell. He was responsible for Novell's technology direction, as well as leading Novell's product business units.
Jeff was appointed by President Bill Clinton to serve on the Advisory Committee for the Presidential Commission for Critical Infrastructure Protection. He has also chaired the Chief Technology Officer group of the Computer Systems Policy Project, and has served on the National Research Council's Computer Science and Telecommunications Board. He is a Fellow of ACM and the IEEE.
Dr. Jaffe holds a BS in Mathematics and an MS in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in addition to his Doctorate from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Xueyuan Jia joined W3C in May 2015. She was the primary meeting planner at W3C/Beihang, and also the Media Contact in China as a member of W3C Marketing and Communications team. Since June 2017, she fully joined Marketing and Communications team to be committed to Member communications, W3C groups and team supports, as well as to expand W3C press relations in China.
Alexandra joined the team in September 2002.
She is in charge of events, staff travels and Membership administration. In 2019, Alexandra became W3C global event coordinator.
Alexandra has a bachelor in Event projects management from Lille University and a Master in management from EDHEC business school.
Vivien joined W3C in May 2003 as the W3C Webmaster at the MIT/CSAIL host site in Cambridge, MA, USA.
Since September 2004 Vivien is working as a Systems & Network Engineer for W3C Europe at the ERCIM host site in Sophia-Antipolis, France.
Vivien graduated in September 2003 from the Polytech Nice Sophia engineering school (formerly known as ESSI) in Sophia-Antipolis, France.
He holds an engineering degree in Computer Science, specializing in Networks. In June 2000, he received a two year degree in Computer Programming at the University of Lyon, France.
Yves Lafon studied Mathematics and computer science at ENSEEIHT in Toulouse, France, and at Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal in Montreal, Canada. His field of study was signal recognition and processing. He discovered Internet Relay Chat and the Web in Montreal in 1993 and has been making robots and games for both. He joined the W3C in October 1995 to work on W3C's experimental browser, Arena. Then he worked on Jigsaw, W3C's Java-based server, on HTTP/1.1 and started the work on SOAP 1.2.
Philippe Le Hegaret is the Project Manager for W3C, responsible to meet all of the milestones of all of the groups, facilitate the work of Team Contacts, Chairs, and Editors, and drive the work necessary to achieve operational success. Until 2016, he was for the former W3C Interaction Domain, which produced frontend Web technologies including HTML5, CSS3, SVG, WOFF, or Web APIs. Prior to 2009, Philippe lead the W3C Architecture Domain, which produced the W3C Core technologies in the area of XML, Web Services, and Internationalization. He is a former Chair of the Document Object Model (DOM) Working Group.
Prior to joining W3C, Philippe promoted the use of XML inside Bull in 1998, also focusing on the interaction between XML and object structures. He wrote the first version of the CSS validator in 1997.
Philippe holds a Master's Degree in Computer Science from the University of Nice (France).
Steve joined the W3C Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) in Oct 2018 and immediately jumped in at the deep end by attending his 1st TPAC. He's a Cognitive accessibility specialist and working ensuring w3c work and outputs successfully support people's cognitive preferences and requirements.
Steve also has a deep and broad technical experience from embedded assembler for mobile data, though relational database dev for MIS, to desktop application UI in tax software. He fell in love with the Web for its power to inclusively enable participation and dramatically enhance peoples lives.
More recently, Steve's focus has been on using web technologies to enpower people with cognitive disabilities, including dementia, learning or communication disabilities and brain injuries.
Coralie is Head of W3C Marketing & Communications. Since February 2015, she manages the Consortium's Comm activities, including messaging, press relations, W3C website, branding, marketing, internal communications as well as Public and Member communications.
Since joining W3C in January 1999 with degrees in secretarial work and English as a foreign language, Coralie held a number of positions such as W3C Europe team assistant, W3C Europe administration manager (2001), W3C Communications Team assistant (2005, part-time; 2008, full-time). She was team contact for the W3C Advisory Board for 12 years, helped with community outreach and developer relations.
Then he has lead the XForms Activity.
Thierry holds a Diplome d'Etudes Approfondies (D.E.A) in Genetics - Statistics and Information Technology (University Paris VII).
Jun Murai Deputy Director of W3C/Keio
Dean / Professor, Faculty of Environment and Information Studies, Keio University
In 1979, he enrolled in the Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Technology, of Keio University and obtained degrees of MS and Ph.D in Computer Science, specializing in Computer Science, Computer Network and Computer Communication, in 1981 and 1987 respectively, both from Keio University.
In 1984, he developed the Japan University UNIX Network (JUNET). In 1988, he established WIDE Project, of which he currently has the title of the Founder. In the 1990's, he focused on the research and development of computer networks, and worked as a member of the Internet Architecture Board (IAB) (1993-1995), and a member of the board of trustees of the Internet Society (ISOC) (1997-2000), as well as a member of the board of directors of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) (1998-2000). In the 2000's, he turned his attention also to IT governance for national government, including Prime Minister’s and global IT policy communities.
He is the recipient of many distinguished awards, including IEEE Internet Award (2011); the Okawa Publications Prize (1999); Funai Achievement Award (2007); Jonathan B. Postel Service Award (2005); the Okawa Publications Prize (1999). He was inducted in the Internet Hall of Fame in 2013.
Gerald joined W3C in September 1997 as a member of the Systems Team. He helps maintain W3C's system infrastructure including the web and mail servers, mailing lists and publishing tools. He created W3C's HTML Validation Service based on an earlier validation service he began as a student.
Prior to joining W3C, Gerald worked at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada, and as a technical writer for IBM Canada in Toronto.
In his free time Gerald enjoys travel, photography, and writing software.
Gerald has a Bachelor of Science with specialization in Computing Science from the University of Alberta.
Eric joined W3C again in February 1998 to provide system support and manage tool programming. He currently works on RDF and XML protocols.His primary goal is to see that information be easily and logically accessible.
Prior to joining W3C full-time, Eric worked as a contract programmer for various organizations, including W3C, where he worked on libwww and the client applications, a PEP model library, and several system-related projects.
Eric has a Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst and is still baffled by the futility of a college education in determining one's fate.
Dave leads W3C's Data activity and champions the Web of Things and the role of AI/ML + computational statistics for the Sentient Web. He has been closely involved with the development of Web standards since 1992, contributing to work on HTML, HTTP, MathML, XForms, voice and multimodal interaction, ubiquitous web applications, financial data, privacy and identity. Dave has participated in many European research projects: Boost 4.0, Create-IoT, and F-Interop, and before that VRE4EIC, HTML5Apps, COMPOSE, webinos, Serenoa, and PrimeLife. In addition to work on standards, Dave is a keen programmer, and has developed experimental web browsers (e.g. Arena), a plugin for rendering math from natural language (EzMath), a tool for cleaning up HTML (Tidy), a web page library for HTML slide presentations (Slidy), a Firefox add-on for enhanced privacy (Privacy Dashboard), customizable browser-based editing of HTML and more recently, an open source implementation for the Web of Things (Arena Web Hub). He was educated in England and obtained his doctorate from the University of Oxford, and is a visiting professor at the University of the West of England. For more information see Dave's home page.
He graduated in October 2006 from Polytech'Nice-Sophia Computer Science Department (formerly known as ESSI: Ecole Supérieure en Sciences Informatiques) specialized in Networks.
In September 2003 he received a two year degree in Mathematics and Computer Science (DEUG MIAS) at the University Jean-François Champollion in Albi, France.
Michael[tm] Smith is the W3C Special Missions Subsection Junior Interim Floor Manager, with key responsibilities in the areas of pharmaceuticals transportation, cyber, ponyatiya, and extremely compartmentalized information.
Veronica Thom Chief Financial Officer
Veronica Thom is Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of the World Wide Web Consortium. In this role she has cross-W3C responsibility for finance, budget, financial plans and controls, and with her combined business/finance background, will advise W3M on future initiatives.
Before joining W3C in July 2012, Veronica served as Vice President for Nordic, Mexico and Australia markets with PartyLite, Inc. a direct selling company of Blyth, Inc. She was responsible for leading these new and emerging markets in sales and marketing, as well as driving profitability.
Prior to that Veronica held several financial management roles at The Gillette Company. She provided executive and financial leadership in various areas including the North America Supply Chain, Personal Care and Blade/Razor business units, Distribution and Manufacturing and Internal Audit. Veronica earned her degree in Economics and Finance from Simmons College and an MBA from Babson College.
Amy van der Hiel is the assistant to Tim Berners-Lee and is Media Relations Coordinator for the W3C Communications Team.
Before joining the W3C, Amy worked at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and was the Assistant to the Director and Curatorial Associate at the Exhibitions Department of the Massachusetts College of Art. She has her Bachelors in Art History from Bard College, NY and her Masters in Art Education from Mansfield University, PA.
Susan joined the W3C in September 1995. She is the head of the Administrative staff at MIT and primary organizer of W3C Workshops, US Advisory Committee and TPAC Meetings. Previously, Susan worked with Bob Scheifler and the MIT X Consortium for three years, and has been a part of the Laboratory for Computer Science for nearly ten years.
Naomi is the W3C Global Member Relations Lead. The function was newly established in late 2018 to share W3C information to members, listen and learn about Member business priorities and concerns, review topics, build relationships, ensure member satisfaction, encourage participation in W3C groups and events. She has also officially been appointed as the site manager of the W3C/Keio University host in November 2020.
Prior to joining W3C, Naomi worked at AT&T Japan as a manager of Marketing Communications for AT&T World Access. She worked on a team that created an innovative prepaid card, produced publications and bids for designs, and developed sales channels. She was awarded a Grand Prize for Best Operations Coordinator in 1996.