W3C Strategic Highlights: Strengthening the Core of the Web (CSS)


image demonstrating discretionary ligatures


(This post is part of a series recapping the October 2018 W3C Strategic Highlights and does not include significant updates since that report.)

The CSS Working Group gathers requirements from two large groups of CSS users: the publishing industry and application developers. Within W3C, those groups are exemplified by the Publishing groups and the Web Platform Working Group. The former requires things like better pagination support and advanced font handling, the latter needs intelligent (and fast!) scrolling and animations.

What we know as CSS is actually a collection of almost a hundred specifications, referred to as ‘modules’. The group published 38 documents since July 2018 (Working Drafts, Candidate Recommendations); a significant increase due to the recent automation and streamlining of the transition request process, and facilitating transition requests with the Director.

In this period, the CSS Working Group published 3 W3C Recommendations:

  1. CSS UI Module level 3
  2. CSS Color Module level 3
  3. CSS Fonts Module level 3

CSS Fonts Module level 3 specifies how to link and use a downloadable font with CSS (thus completing our Fonts story following publication of the WOFF 2 format earlier this year). CSS Color Module level 3 defines how colors are specified on the Web. And CSS UI Module level 3 defines cursors, focus outlines, and text ellipsis (to indicate text that cannot  fit in the space provided).

Read more  about CSS and see All CSS specifications.