RDB to RDF Mapping Language (R2RML) and A Direct Mapping of Relational Data to RDF are W3C Recommendations

The RDB2RDF Working Group has published two W3C Recommendations today:

  • R2RML: RDB to RDF Mapping Language. This document describes R2RML, a language for expressing customized mappings from relational databases to RDF datasets. Such mappings provide the ability to view existing relational data in the RDF data model, expressed in a structure and target vocabulary of the mapping author’s choice. R2RML mappings are themselves RDF graphs and written down in Turtle syntax. R2RML enables different types of mapping implementations. Processors could, for example, offer a virtual SPARQL endpoint over the mapped relational data, or generate RDF dumps, or offer a Linked Data interface.
  • A Direct Mapping of Relational Data to RDF. This document defines a direct mapping from relational data to RDF.