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Web Architecture

Web Architecture focuses on the foundation technologies and principles which sustain the Web, including URIs and HTTP.

Architecture Principles Header link

Web Architecture principles help to design technologies by providing guidance and articulating the issues around some specific choices.

Identifiers Header link

We share things by their names. URL, URI, IRI is the way to name things on the Web and manipulate them. Some additional addressing needs in the Web Services stack motivated some additional layers.

Protocols Header link

Protocols are the vehicle for exchanging our ideas. HTTP is the core protocol of the Web. W3C is also working on XML Protocols and SOAP in relation to Web Services.

Meta Formats Header link

XML, the Extensible Markup Language, is used to build new formats at low cost (due to widely available tools to manipulate content in those new formats). RDF and OWL allow people to define vocabularies (“ontologies”) of terms as part of the Semantic Web.

Protocol and Meta Format Considerations Header link

Documents on the Web are loosely joined pieces by identifiers. It creates a maze of rich interactions between protocols and formats.

Internationalization Header link

W3C has worked with the community on the internationalization of identifiers (IRIs) and a general character model for the Web.

News Atom

Language Tags and Locale Identifiers for the World Wide Webdescribes the best practices for identifying or selecting the language of content as well as the the locale preferences used to process or display data values and other information on the Web. It describes how document formats, specifications, and implementations should handle language tags, as well as extensions to language tags that describe the cultural or linguistic preferences referred to in internationalization as a “locale”.

Changes in this update include the following: All references to RFC3066bis were updated to BCP 47 or to RFC5646 or RFC 4647 as appropriate.References to HTML were changed to point to HTML5. Imported and rewrote the text formerly containing in Web Services Internationalization Usage Scenarios defining internationalization, locale, and other important terms. Modified and reorganized the other sections of this document. Moved the Web services materials to an appendix.

The Technical Architecture Group normally holds an election every year for seats that have come to the end of their elected terms. However, under certain circumstances, the TAG must run a special election (sometimes referred to as a by-election). Such a special election is now taking place, to fill the vacated seat of David Herman of Mozilla. We’re lucky enough to have an impressive slate of candidates for this option position: David Baron of Mozilla, Andrew Betts of Pearson/The Financial Times, Sergey Konstantinov of Yandex (already a TAG alumnus) and Bryan Sullivan of AT&T.  All the candidate statements may be found on the official W3C election announcement.

Now comes your part. The election process behind the TAG helps us to set our priorities and agenda and helps us to understand the mandate by which the W3C membership wants us to work. But this only works if the as many as possible of the W3C’s 397 membersparticipate in the election by casting their vote. If you work for, or are affiliated with, a W3C member company or organization, find out who your W3C Advisory Committee (AC) representative is and encourage them to vote. If you don’t have such a direct relationship with the W3C, then encourage people you know who do work for W3C member companies to use their vote. The TAG has a responsibility to help guide the activities of the W3C and to help set the architectural vision for the evolving web. As we execute that mission, we want to be as responsible to the larger web community as possible. With your help, we can ensure that we achieve this goal.

The LIDER project is fostering the creation of a community around Linguistic Linked Data (LLD): linked data used to represent metadata about linguistic resources and the resources themselves, e.g. lexica, thesauri, corpora, multilingual semantic networks etc. In a dedicated  LD4LT  community group call on 2 April,  3 p.m. CEST , we will discuss how LLD can contribute to the creation of the digital single market. See for more details the  slides that will be presented during the call.

The call is open to the public, no LD4LT group participation is required. Dial-in informationis available. No knowledge about linguistic linked data is required.

See the program . The keynote speaker will be Page Williams, Director of Global Readiness, Trustworthy Computing, Microsoft. She is followed by a strong line up in sessions entitled Developers and Creators, Localizers, Machines, and Users, including speakers from Microsoft, the European Parliament, the UN FAO, Intel, Verisign, and many more. The workshop is made possible with the generous support of the  LIDER project.

Participation in the event is free. Please register via the  Riga Summit for the Multilingual Digital Single Market site.

The MultilingualWeb workshops, funded by the European Commission and coordinated by the W3C, look at best practices and standards related to all aspects of creating, localizing and deploying the multilingual Web. The workshops are successful because they attract a wide range of participants, from fields such as localization, language technology, browser development, content authoring and tool development, etc., to create a holistic view of the interoperability needs of the multilingual Web.

We look forward to seeing you in Riga!

The Unicode® Consortium announced the start of the beta review for Unicode 8.0.0, which is scheduled for release in June, 2015. All beta feedback must be submitted by April 27, 2015.

Unicode 8.0.0 comprises several changes which require careful migration in implementations, including the conversion of Cherokee to a bicameral script, a different encoding model for New Tai Lue, and additional character repertoire. Implementers need to change code and check assumptions regarding case mappings, New Tai Lue syllables, Han character ranges, and confusables. Character additions in Unicode 8.0.0 include emoji symbol modifiers for implementing skin tone diversity, other emoji symbols, a large collection of CJK unified ideographs, a new currency sign for the Georgian lari, and six new scripts. For more information on emoji in Unicode 8.0.0, see the associated draft Unicode Emoji report.

Please review the documentation, adjust code, test the data files, and report errors and other issues to the Unicode Consortium by April 27, 2015. Feedback instructions are on the beta page.

See more information about testing the 8.0.0 beta. See the current draft summaryof Unicode 8.0.0.

The LIDER project is developing a reference architecture for working with Linguistic Linked Data (LLD). LLD is linked data used to represent metadata about linguistic resources and the resources themselves, e.g. lexica, thesauri, corpora, multilingual semantic networks etc. The reference architecture defines various aspects of LLD processing, related e.g. to LLD publishing, linking, services or discovery. As part of this activity, the LD4LT community group is organizing a conference call on 5 March, 3 p.m. CET, to gather feedback from the public at large.

The call is open to the public, no LD4LT group participation is required. Dial-in informationis available. No knowledge about LLD is required. We especially are interested in feedback from potential users of LLD in content analytics related application areas.

We would like to remind you that the deadline for speaker proposals for the 8th MultilingualWeb Workshop (April 29, 2015, Riga, Latvia) is on Sunday, March 8, at 23:59 UTC.

Featuring a keynote by Paige Williams (Director of Global Readiness, Trustworthy Computing at Microsoft) and sessions for various audiences (Web developers, content creators, localisers, users, and multilingual language processing), this workshop will focus on the advances and challenges faced in making the Web truly multilingual. It provides an outstanding and influential forum for thought leaders to share their ideas and gain critical feedback.

While the organizers have already received many excellent submissions, there is still time to make a proposal, and we encourage interested parties to do so by the deadline. With roughly 150 attendees anticipated for the Workshop from a wide variety of profiles, we are certain to have a large and diverse audience that can provide constructive and useful feedback, with stimulating discussion about all of the presentations.

The workshop is made possible by the generous support of the LIDER project and will be part of the Riga Summit 2015 on the Multilingual Digital Single Market . We are organizing the workshop as part of the Riga Summit to strengthen the European related community at large. Depending on the number of submissions to the MultilingualWeb workshop we may suggest to move some presentations to other days of the summit. For these reasons we highly recommend you to attend the whole Riga Summit! See the line-up of speakersalready confirmed for the various events during the summit.

For more information and to register a presentation proposal, please visit the Riga Workshop Call for Participation . For registration as a regular participant of the MultilingualWeb workshop or other events at the Riga Summit, please register at the Riga Summit 2015 site.

We are please to announce that Paige Williams, Director of Global Readiness, Trustworthy Computing at Microsoft, will deliver the keynote at the 8th Multilingual Web Workshop, “Data, content and services for the Multilingual Web,” in Riga, Latvia (29 April 2015).

Paige spent 10 years managing internationalization of Microsoft.com, before joining the Trustworthy Computing organization in 2005. In TwC, Paige oversees compliance of company policy for geographic, country-region and cultural requirements, establishing a new center of excellence for market and world readiness, globalization/localizability, and language programs, tools, resources and external community forums to reach markets across the world with the right local experience.

The Multilingual Web Workshop series brings together participants interested in the best practices, new technologies, and standards needed to help content creators, localizers, language tools developers, and others address the new opportunities and challenges of the multilingual Web. It will provide for networking across communities and building connections.

Registration for the Workshop is free, and early registrationis recommended since space at the Workshop is limited.

The workshop will be part of the Riga Summit 2015 on the Multilingual Digital Single Market. We are organizing the workshop as part of the Riga Summit to strengthen the European related community at large. Depending on the number of submissions to the MultilingualWeb workshop we also may suggest to move presentations to other days of the summit. For these reasons we highly recommend you to attend the whole Riga Summit!

There is still opportunity for individuals to submit proposals to speak at the workshop. Ideal proposals will highlight emerging challenges or novel solutions for reaching out to a global, multilingual audience. The deadline for speaker proposals is March 8, but early submission is strongly encouraged. See the Call for Participationfor more details.

This workshop is made possible by the generous support of the LIDERproject.

Today, the TAG approved a new finding, “ Securing the Web.”

As the Web platform becomes more powerful, it also becomes more susceptible to a variety of attacks; someone who can pose as the server or modify content on its way to you can insert persistent scripts to track your activity, to modify what you see and even to access your data. These attacks affect all Web sites, not just “sensitive” ones, because the power the platform provides can be misused by attackers even if the site isn’t using it.

At the same time, the IAB has issued advice to design for confidential operation by default , due to the pervasive monitoring attacksthat have become prevalent recently.

So, after careful consideration, the TAG has found that:

* The Web platform should be designed to actively prefer secure communication — typically, by encouraging use of “https://” URLs instead of “http://” ones.
* Barriers to adopting “https://” should be removed where feasible.
* The end-to-end nature of TLS encryption must not be compromised on the Web, in order to preserve trust.

Please read the full findingfor details. It is primarily aimed at those creating W3C specifications; if Working Groups need assistance, we encourage them to engage with us.

We expect that we will continue to focus on security issues as this finding is implemented.

W3C announced today the 8th MultilingualWeb workshop in a series of eventsexploring the mechanisms and processes needed to ensure that the World Wide Web lives up to its potential around the world and across barriers of language and culture.

This workshop will be held 29 April 2015in Riga, Latvia, and is made possible by the generous support of the LIDER project . The workshop is part of the Riga Summit 2015 on the Multilingual Digital Single Market(27-29 April)

Anyone may attend all sessions at no charge and the W3C welcomes participation by both speakers and non-speaking attendees. Early registration is encouraged due to limited space.

Building on the success of seven highly regarded previous workshops, this workshop will emphasize new technology developments that lead to new opportunities for the Multilingual Web. The workshop brings together participants interested in the best practices and standards needed to help content creators, localizers, language tools developers, and others meet the challenges of the multilingual Web. It provides further opportunities for networking across communities. We are particularly interested in speakers who can demonstrate novel solutions for reaching out to a global, multilingual audience.

See the Call for Participation and register online.

Events Header link

  • 2015-05-18 (18 MAY) 2015-05-22 (22 MAY)

    WWW2015

    Florence, Italy

See full list of W3C Events.