World Wide Web Consortium: Web 3.0 Emerging

Steve Bratt, <>

3 views of Earth

Web 3.0 Emerging

Steve Bratt
Chief Executive Officer
World Wide Web Consortium


January 2007

These slides:



Web's Success

and the

Role of Standards

"Over 1 Billion Served"

Internet usage vs. continent


Note: in 1995, there were ~16,000,000 Internet users, or 0.4% of global population

(see also: Top languages on the Internet [graphic, link],
English 30% w/ 135% growth, Chinese 14% w/ 347% growth per year)

"Over 100 Million Serving"

Number of Web Sites (domain names and content)

Web servers vs. time


(Users:Servers ratio ~ 1996 = 150:1. 2000 = 50:1. 2006 = 10:1)

What Led to the Web's Success?

Happy child at computer, and very busy person at desk

Why are Open Standards Important?

People meeting

World Wide Web Consortium

Founded by Tim Berners-Lee in 1994, W3C is:

Graph of Globe

... expanding ...

W3C Logo

A Unique Standards Organization

Map of W3C Member per country (early 2006)

(Membership / Benefits / "At a Glance" brochure)

Why Participate in W3C?

Saying in China*: "Third-class companies make products; second-class companies develop technology; first-class companies set standards."

W3C Member logo

(Membership / Benefits / How to join W3C / "At a Glance" brochure)

* from "China’s Post-WTO Technology Policy: Standards, Software and the Changing Nature of Techno-Nationalism", by Richard P. Suttmeier and Yao Xiangkui.

Increasing Focus on Needs of Industries

Industry and government cartoons

What We Hear from Financial Services

W3C Mobile Web Initiative logo

Engineering the Web's Interoperable Foundation

W3C technology stack

(Description of technologies in the stack)

The Real Question

Web for Everyone

Web for Everyone

Children's hands on globe

Universal Access ...

Why is Web Accessibility Important?

Woman in wheel chair with computer and dog

Proportion of world population over 60, by level of development (United Nations Dept of Economic and Social Affairs)

Access for people with disabilities and an aging global population ...

Developing a Web Accessibility Business Case

Graphic source:

Web Accessibility @ W3C

Senior woman using computer

Boy using computer with assistive technologies

"Before and After" demonstration Web sites

Web Security @ W3C

Computer with lock around it

Web on Everything

Web on Everything

Photos of Web on phones, TV, refrigerator, cars, plane

*The* User Interface, everywhere ...

Web 2.0

W3C Rich Web Clients @ W3C

Screendump of an SVG, java navagation bar demo

(little AJAX/SVG-based demos: XMLHTTPRequest playlist, fatcats, cubes)

Voice @ W3C

Woman on phone and computer server

Voice: Architecture

Configurate of a Interactive Voice Respose system using W3C Voice Browser technologies

Mobile Web: The Next "Thing"

Several people waiting for train and using their mobile phones

(Source: Steven Pemberton)

Mobile Web: Expanding Coverage

Global growth vs. time for GSM in terms of area, usage, population (2006)

Today, Mobile Web is Inconvenient, Inefficient

mobile Christmas 2004


Mobile Web Initiative @ W3C

Goal: Make Web access on phones as seamless, reliable, cost-effective and useful on on desktops and laptops

(MWI Overview slides)

MWI: Best Practices Guidelines Focus on Usability

Opera home page on lap top vs. on mobile small screen

Web of Data and Services

Web of Data & Services

Metro Map illustrating power of a Web of linked information and services

Interoperable information and programs ...

Semantic Web: Why?

Semantic Web: Linked Data on the Web

Tim's Semantic Web Stack (2005) Machine-processable, global Web standards:
  • Assigning unambiguous names (URI)
  • Expressing and linking data, including metadata (RDF)
  • Capturing ontologies (OWL)

Semantic Web = Web 3.0? (Markoff, NYT, Nov 2006)

(W3C's Semantic Web Activity / Semantic Web overview slides / example)

Enterprise Integration Today

Enterprise intergration pre-RDF

Enterprise Integration on the "Semantic Bus"

Enterprise intergration using RDF



2006 Tech Plenary meeting, participants, from the back of room