Skip to toolbar

Community & Business Groups

Collaborative Software Community Group

The mission of the Collaborative Software Community Group is to provide a forum for experts in collaborative software and groupware for technical discussions, gathering use cases and requirements to align the existing formats, software, platforms, systems and technologies (e.g. wiki technology) with those used by the Open Web Platform. The goal is to ensure that the requirements of collaborative technology and groupware can be answered, when in scope, by the Recommendations published by W3C. This group is chartered to publish documents when doing so can enhance collaborative technology and groupware. The goal is to cooperate with relevant groups and to publish documents to ensure that the requirements of the collaborative software and groupware community are met.

Note: Community Groups are proposed and run by the community. Although W3C hosts these conversations, the groups do not necessarily represent the views of the W3C Membership or staff.

No Reports Yet Published

Learn more about publishing.

Chairs, when logged in, may publish draft and final reports. Please see report requirements.

This group does not have a Chair and thus cannot publish new reports. Learn how to choose a Chair.

Recommender Systems, Machine Learning and Multi-document Natural Language Processing

A number of technologies including Office Graph can ensure that relevant, fresh, information and documents are available to individuals and groups during the performance of their tasks. Items that can be recommended, that can be routed, sorted and presented, include documents, multimedia and data. Software such as Office Graph utilize sophisticated machine learning algorithms to connect people to relevant content, conversations and people around them, including based upon their multiple simultaneous interests, tasks, groups or roles.

Innovations are possible with regard to the determination of contextual, task-based, relevance for recommending, routing, sorting and presenting content to individuals and to groups, enhancing their performance or providing them with serendipitous discovery.

Multi-document natural language processing algorithms can provide new conveniences to individuals and to groups, processing collections of documents and multimedia utilized by individuals and by groups during their various tasks including those of business, education and e-participation scenarios. Multi-document natural language processing algorithms are interoperable with advanced machine learning algorithms including those utilized by software such as Office Graph. Multi-document natural language processing technology innovations include, but are not limited to, real-time fact checking, argument analysis, sentiment analysis and spin and persuasion detection.


E-Participation, Social Networks and the Well-informedness of Communities

During e-participation, participants produce, consume and review city-scale government data, documents and multimedia, including real-time varieties. Participants are well-informed about topics relevant to city governance, relevant to communities.

Journalists could be amongst e-participants and, alongside journalists, e-participants are envisioned as distributing information to communities. Members of communities beyond regular e-participants could also visit e-participation venues or utilize related online resources and services to become well-informed.

Social media could be a component of information distribution. Alongside local news, well-informed participants could post the real-time information of e-participation, of city governance, as well as other information. A large portion of the municipal governments in the United States are small and medium-sized cities; 80% of American cities have populations fewer than 10,000 people.

Collaborative and productivity software, the software of e-participation, facilitate city-scale government transparency. Local newspapers could utilize the same dashboard software of city governments to obtain situational awareness from city-scale government transparency data.


Helsley, Robert W., and Yves Zenou. “Social networks and interactions in cities.” Journal of Economic Theory 150 (2014): 426-466.

Huckfeldt, Robert, and John Sprague. “Networks in context: The social flow of political information.” American Political Science Review 81, no. 04 (1987): 1197-1216.

Huckfeldt, Robert, Paul Allen Beck, Russell J. Dalton, and Jeffrey Levine. “Political environments, cohesive social groups, and the communication of public opinion.” American Journal of Political Science (1995): 1025-1054.

Huckfeldt, Robert. “Networks, contexts, and the combinatorial dynamics of democratic politics.” Political Psychology 35, no. S1 (2014): 43-68.

Kennedy, Bruce M. “Community Journalism: A Way of Life.” (1974).

Lake, Ronald La Due, and Robert Huckfeldt. “Social capital, social networks, and political participation.” Political Psychology (1998): 567-584.

Yamamoto, Masahiro. “Community newspaper use promotes social cohesion.” Newspaper Research Journal 32, no. 1 (2011): 19.

Group Decision Making Software and the Scheduling of Meetings at Venues

Though the Web and collaborative software facilitate the convenience of asynchronous collaboration and virtual meetings, groups, in particular when residing in the same cities, can schedule the use of meeting rooms, presentation rooms and auditoriums.

Venues for meetings or events provide the people of various clubs, organizations and businesses with modern, professional and high-tech meetings rooms, presentation rooms and auditoriums. The architectural designs of buildings and the furniture, equipment and resources at venues can be explored while also considering the popular activities of the clubs, groups and organizations in regions; some venues might provide multipurpose rooms. The equipment available at venues for meetings include high-bandwidth wifi, presentation equipment, sound systems, video equipment for recording meetings, equipment for webcasting meetings, transcription services and equipment for videoconferencing.

New such venues may arise from public sector investments as well as from other models. There exist various economic models and system models for simultaneously interconnecting large numbers of groups with large numbers of venues. In some approaches, the categories of organizations or of events are pertinent as charitable, public service or participatory democratic organizations might find discounted or free venue accommodations.

Productivity and collaborative software for the scheduling of meetings at organizations, reserving transportation, rooms and equipment at organizations, can scale for city-scale and otherwise distributed groups. Productivity and collaborative software with city-scale and larger-scale meetings and event planning, scheduling and logistics support can greatly convenience groups in their browsing of and selection of venues for in-person meetings; such features can be built into productivity and collaborative software. Such software should include the capability for multiple groups or for multiple subgroups of groups to schedule rooms at multiple venues with videoconferencing equipment.

Software which conveniences the scheduling of venues for meetings or events can stimulate the economic markets for such venues as well as local economies. Such venues can bring customers to proximate local businesses such as cafes, taverns, restaurants and shopping. Such venues can be on mass transportation routes.

The protocols utilized by the software components for groups to schedule uses of transportation, meeting rooms and equipment are important standardization topics.

See Also

Decision-making, Group Decision-making, Decision Theory, Operations Research, Planning, Scheduling, Event Scheduling, Meeting Scheduling Tool, Automated Planning and Scheduling, Intelligent Personal Assistant, Decision Support System


Auditoriums, Conference Rooms, Convention Centers, Function Rooms, Lecture Halls

Hyperlinks (i.e.,,

E-Participation and Calendar, Scheduling and Tasks Software

Ideas are broached pertaining to new and emerging uses of calendar, scheduling and tasks software in educational, business and community scenarios.

City governments can provide calendar services and location aware service discovery can ease configuration so that users can synchronize their calendars to show city government events and local e-participation opportunities. Envisioned is a toggle specifically for such events, as some applications have settings for the birthdays of contacts or for holidays.

The categories of events are as broad as uses of collaborative software and productivity software for e-participation.

Categories of events include opinion polls. Opinion polls might open at a time, close at a time and involve scheduling participation with estimated duration. The heuristics might resemble scheduling appointments with virtual pollsters; users could observe opinion poll intervals on their calendars to then schedule participation as they might schedule appointments.

Location aware calendar-related services also include community calendars as well as event calendars provided by local newspapers.


Educational Technology, Business and Community Scenarios

Educational technology empowers educational systems, businesses, organizations and communities. Technology can provide users with task-based content, advancing productivity, as well as with information in response to their questions, to refresh their knowledge or to facilitate on-the-job training.

There is a cross-fertilization between business and e-participation scenarios. Software tools and features for organizational communication, organizational learning, knowledge management and on-the-job training are of use for e-participation scenarios. Businesses and enterprises are interested in training new employees and providing on-the-job training to all employees. In city-scale e-participation scenarios, new participants arrive regularly and all participants can find opportunities to learn amidst the various, dynamic, tasks and discussions of participatory democracy.

Educational technology tasks pertinent to e-participation include: (1) the instructional design of training programs pertaining to participatory democracy and to city governance, (2) facilitating the authoring of user-generated learning objects, (3) advancing learning objects and learning object metadata, (4) advancing the indexing, search and retrieval of learning objects and the federated search of learning objects, (5) advancing generative learning objects, case-based reasoning and machine learning.

A recent office software feature is that of “insights” or “smart lookup”. Expanding upon such features, computational linguistics algorithms upon documents or multimedia can produce varieties of metadata (i.e. about lexemes, phrases, sentences, paragraphs, or overlapping regions or selections). Such metadata, with software such as Office Graph or other task-based contexts, can facilitate the utilization of expanded search API’s, including those of desktop search, search engines and federated search, to increase the quality of search results and to provide search results that include learning objects.

Users can schedule the utilization of learning objects conveniently from task-based contexts with interoperable calendar, scheduling and tasks applications.

Such technology advancements empower educational systems, businesses, organizations and communities. Such technology advancements scale to facilitate the performance of intelligent tutoring systems, digital personal assistants and digital group assistants in task-based mixed-initiative dialogues with users, in response to their questions, to refresh their knowledge or to facilitate on-the-job training.

Collaborative and Productivity Software are the Software of City-scale E-Participation

Collaborative and productivity software are the software of city-scale e-participation.

Collaboration and productivity software empower individuals and teams in the performance of their various tasks at organizations across sectors and can facilitate various models of city-scale e-participation.

List of Collaborative Software

List of collaborative software:

  • AceProject, web-based collaboration software for project management
  • Adobe Acrobat, gives synchronous and asynchronous review of PDFs
  • Adobe LiveCycle, a SOA Java EE server software product used to build applications that automate a broad range of business processes for enterprises and government agencies
  • AirSet, web and mobile online group coordination, collaboration, and communications suite.
  • Alfresco, a free/libre enterprise content management system for Microsoft Windows and Unix-like operating systems.
  • Altova MetaTeam, collaborative decision-making, team performance management and project management software
  • Asana, a web and mobile application designed to improve the way teams communicate and collaborate
  • Assembla, a set of cloud-based task and code management tools for software developers
  • Atlassian Confluence, web-based team and content collaboration software
  • Atmail, full server/client groupware software based on CalDAV
  • Axigen, messaging and collaborating software based on proprietary architectures
  • Basecamp, web-based project collaboration and management
  • Binfire, web-based project collaboration & management software for remote teams
  • Blogtronix, web-based suite combining groups, blogs, wiki, documents, multimedia, workflow
  •, web-based collaboration and content management for enterprises
  • BSCW, Basic Support for Collaborative Work
  • Cadac Organice, SharePoint based document management and collaboration software for engineering companies
  • Calliflower, Web-based team document sharing, synchronous conferencing, online chat, whiteboarding
  • Celoxis, web-based project management and collaboration software
  • cineSync, real-time synchronised video review software
  • Clarizen
  • Clearspace, web-based suite integrating forums, blogs, wiki, chat, VOIP
  • ClickHome, collaborative software for the construction industry provided as app and web-based office product.
  • Clinked, cloud-based collaboration tool for managing projects and data management
  • Collaba, integrated collaboration and communication platform server
  • Collaber, Eclipse-based client–server platform
  • CollaborateCloud, cloud-based platform for data collaboration & workflows
  • Collabtive, web-based project management software for distributed teams
  • ConceptDraw Office – collaborative software suite composed of mind mapping, project management and business diagramming tools.
  • Concursive, web-based and mobile tools for socially enabled project management, customer support and business directories
  • Collanos Workplace, server-less, cross-platform, P2P collaborative software for teams working beyond enterprise platforms
  • CoMotion, a multi-tiered client–server collaborative workspace system
  • Contactizer Pro, by Objective Decision; decentralized collaborative sharing of contacts, tasks and events, for Mac OS X
  • Creately, collaborative online diagramming software used by teams around the world to communicate more effectively.
  • CustomerVision BizWiki, a wiki application, geared to medium- and large-sized businesses, that existed from around 2006 to 2008
  • Debategraph, web-based, collaborative idea visualization and deliberation
  • Drupal, a free and open-source content management framework written in PHP
  • e, a collaborative editor which works as a live revision control system; uses an edit-and-commit style of collaboration
  • Eclipse, a suite of software applications, intended for use by aerospace project and mission teams in managing their CM/QA/PA/PM activities
  • err, an extensible XMPP/Jabber chatbot for collaborative work over MUC chatrooms
  • EditGrid, online spreadsheet that allows collaborative editing
  • Elluminate, virtual classroom and online collaboration environment for online teaching and training
  • EMC Documentum eRoom, collaborative software provided via browser as on-premises or hosted
  • eXo Platform, The Open Source Enterprise Social Platform
  • Eylean Board, project and collaboration management tool
  • Fabasoft Folio Cloud, cloud DMS for organisations with hybrid cloud and data residency option
  • FirstClass, client/server groupware
  • Fieldwire, mobile-first collaboration platform for field workers
  • FMYI, web-based, CRM and extranet for small to large size teams
  • Freedcamp, free project management and collaboration tool
  • Fuze Box, web-based, desktop, mobile client server software for conducting meetings (voice, video, screen sharing, file sharing), free and paid
  • GForge Advanced Server, distributed software development as a web based platform
  • GoDrive, an on-premises solution for document collaboration and synchronization across Windows, Mac and mobile applications
  • Google Apps, web-based real-time collaboration: document, spreadsheet, presentation editing and more
  • Google Drive, a file storage and synchronization service which enables user cloud storage, file sharing and collaborative editing
  • GrexIt, an email-based collaboration tool for Google Apps
  • Group-Office groupware and CRM, an open source web-based groupware and CRM application
  • Groupiful, web-based project management for teams with task management, file sharing, event scheduling and more
  • GroveSite, web-based collaboration suite with document sharing, file libraries, discussion threads and more
  •, web-based collaboration, group chat, video chat, file sharing, one-on-one chat and more
  • HighQ Collaborate, secure document exchange, enterprise social collaboration, client extranets and knowledge portals for organisations
  • Huddle, secure web-based content management and content collaboration platform for enterprises and governments.
  • Hyperoffice, web-based online collaboration, messaging and project management; for small to medium-sized firms
  • i-sense, full-featured, web-based groupware
  • IBM Lotus Connections Suite
  • IBM Lotus Domino
  • IBM Lotus Mashups
  • IBM Lotus Notes
  • IBM Lotus Quickr, replaces IBM Lotus QuickPlace; runs on Domino or WebSphere servers
  • IBM Lotus Sametime
  • IBM Workplace-branded products
  • InLoox, collaboration software that offers web-based and on-premises solutions, supports task management, document management, and workflow [1]
  • Jama Contour, web-based collaborative platform for communicating requirements and managing complex projects
  • JotSpot, wiki supports calendars, spreadsheets, file repositories, photo galleries; made for ease of use
  • Kahootz, online cloud collaboration software, specialising in public sector and enterprise scalable solutions
  • Kerio Connect, multiplatform mail and groupware server
  • Knowledge Plaza, web-based social knowledge management tool
  • KnowledgeTree, online document management and collaboration for mid-market businesses and enterprises
  • Kolab, security-focused Open Source groupware collaboration solution with web client, CalDAV and ActiveSync and its own native client
  • Kune, a free/open-source distributed social network focused on collaboration rather than just on communication
  • Liferay, portal, web content management and social collaboration platform
  • LiquidPlanner, wiki-like pages, document sharing, Twitter-like commenting
  • LogicalDOC, on-line and on-premises document management system with collaboration and workflow features
  • LucidChart, collaborative diagramming and website/software prototyping, supports real-time collaboration, built on web standards
  • Mavenlink, web-based project collaboration and management
  • Microsoft Exchange Server and the Microsoft Outlook client
  • Microsoft Live Meeting
  • Microsoft Lync Server
  • Microsoft Office Live Communications Server
  • Microsoft Office desktop tools for collaboration
  • Microsoft Project Server
  • Microsoft SharePoint Foundation
  • Microsoft SharePoint Server
  • Microsoft SharePoint Workspace, desktop collaboration application
  • Microsoft Team Foundation Server, developer collaboration platform
  • Microsoft Windows Live messenger, office web apps, skydrive, mail
  • Mikogo, is a desktop sharing software application for web conferencing, online meetings and web collaboration
  • Mindjet, mindmapping software, collaborative project management, social task management, cloud-based file sharing
  • MindView, mindmapping software, collaborative project management, desktop application, cloud-based file sharing
  • MindMeister, collaborative mindmapping software that supports superior teamwork
  • Mixedink, combines collaborative editing with voting
  • MovableType, by Six Apart
  • Nefsis, multi-party online collaboration and video conferencing software for businesses
  • NewsGator
  • Novell GroupWise
  • Oracle Beehive, combines email, team collaboration, and conferencing in one collaboration platform
  • Oracle WebCenter, Group Spaces
  • omNovia Technologies, online meeting platform for collaborative meetings, e-learning, interactive training sessions
  • OpenProject, an open source project collaboration suite
  • PabloDraw, collaborative text and ANSI/ASCII art editing tool on Windows
  • PBworks is a commercial real-time collaborative editing (RTCE) system
  • Pidoco, cloud-based collaboration tool to create, share, test website and mobile app UI prototypes
  • Pivotal Tracker, screen sharing capabilities to increase collaboration in meetings
  • Planbox, web-based agile project management tool with team collaboration features: comments, file sharing, feedback management
  • Podio, web based collaborative platform with workspaces, tasks per community members and app market
  • Pristine, video collaboration software for smart mobile devices, and smartglasses
  • Open Source Project Management software with document, task, and project sharing and collaboration
  • Projectplace, online collaboration tool providing Project management, Document collaboration & Communication in one tool
  • online project management software with collaboration features for teams
  • ProjectWise, a suite of project information management and collaboration software and services from Bentley Systems designed for the architecture, engineering, construction (AEC) industries and infrastructure owner-operators.
  • ProtoShare, web-based collaborative prototyping and review tool for interactive projects
  • Powermeeting, web-based synchronous groupware which allows users to conduct group activities in a well-coordinated group process
  • QikPad, web-based collaborative real time text-based tool
  • Qontext, enables communicating, sharing, and collaborating from inside common business applications like netsuite, sugarcrm,
  • QuickBase, a low-code platform for building expressive, scalable, interoperable applications for organizations of all sizes, without compromising IT governance and controls.
  • RelateIQ, web-based relationship intelligence platform that enables teams to track, share, and analyze shared relationships
  • Retroshare, an open-source cross-platform, friend-2-friend and secure decentralised communication platform
  • SAP NetWeaver Portal
  • Saros, collaborative text editing for Distributed Party Programming
  • Smart Meeting Pro, collaborative meeting software
  • Smart Bridgit, data conferencing software
  • Smartsheet, Web-based workflow, collaboration management
  • Socialtext, suite of web-based social software applications
  • SpringCM
  • SubEthaEdit, collaborative text editing on Mac OS X
  • SuccessFactors
  • Synovel Collabsuite, full messaging software for organizations
  • Teaming, by Novell
  • Teamwork, cross-platform software, integrates project management, issue tracking, groupware
  • TeamWox, web-based collaboration software with file storage, email client, contact book, bagtracking, IP PBX, chat and forum
  • Telligent, enterprise community and collaboration platform with blogs, wikis, more enterprise 2.0 abilities
  • Tibco, by Tibco Software
  • Tiki Wiki CMS Groupware
  • TitanFile, web-based enterprise-level secure file sharing with a focus on people and interests
  • tmsEKP, suite of collaboration software
  • Tonido Workspace, cross-platform collaborative software, synchronizes workspaces, allows web-based guest access
  • TrackerSuite.Net, Web based, modular software business suite
  • Traction TeamPage, enterprise social software
  • Trello, free web-based project management application
  • TWiki
  • Ubidesk, online project collaboration workspace
  • Unison, private group sharing tool, with text, audio, video collaboration
  • Vignette, content management system
  • VSee, video conferencing tool with screen share, annotation and file sending capabilities
  • Webcrossing, web-based collaboration server
  • WebEx, web-based collaboration tools
  • WebTrain, web-based collaboration for meetings, training, and education
  • Wiggio, web-based, group collaboration software
  • Workspot, web service providing Linux desktops, which can be shared securely via browser
  • Wrike, Interactive, web-based tool for project management and collaboration
  • Writeboard, collaborative text editor
  • Xaitporter, web-based document collaboration software with integrated workflow, for enterprise and SMEs.
  • Xtune, web-based enterprise social software for connecting and sharing expertise inside organizations
  • Yammer, enterprise and team collaboration software and private social network
  • Zentyal, an open source email and groupware solution, natively compatible with Microsoft Outlook
  • Zing Technologies AnyZing and ZingThing, electronic learning and meeting system software for team rooms and networks