Failure of Success Criterion 2.4.4 due to providing link context only in content that is not related to the link

Important Information about Techniques

See Understanding Techniques for WCAG Success Criteria for important information about the usage of these informative techniques and how they relate to the normative WCAG 2.1 success criteria. The Applicability section explains the scope of the technique, and the presence of techniques for a specific technology does not imply that the technology can be used in all situations to create content that meets WCAG 2.1.

Applicability

HTML and XHTML

This technique relates to Success Criterion 2.4.4: Link Purpose (In Context) (Failure).

Description

This describes a failure condition when the context needed for understanding the purpose of a link is located in content that is not programmatically determined link context. If the context for the link is not provided in one of the following ways:

then the user will not be able to find out where the link is going with any ease. If the user must leave the link to search for the context, the context is not programmatically determined link context and this failure condition occurs.

Examples

Resources

Resources are for information purposes only, no endorsement implied.

Tests

Procedure

Locate links where some additional link context is needed to understand the purpose of the link. For each link:

  1. Check whether the context is contained in the same sentence, paragraph, list item, table cell, or associated table headers.
  2. Check whether the link context can be programmatically determined in some other way, for example, by using a WAI-ARIA property such as aria-label, aria-labelledby or aria-describedby on the link to provide sufficient context

Expected Results

  • If check #1 AND check #2 are false, the content fails the Success Criterion.