Adding links at the top of the page to each area of the content

Important Information about Techniques

See Understanding Techniques for WCAG Success Criteria for important information about the usage of these informative techniques and how they relate to the normative WCAG 2.1 success criteria. The Applicability section explains the scope of the technique, and the presence of techniques for a specific technology does not imply that the technology can be used in all situations to create content that meets WCAG 2.1.

Applicability

All technologies that contain links

This technique relates to Success Criterion 2.4.1: Bypass Blocks (Sufficient as a way to meet an unwritten technique).

Description

The objective of this technique is to provide a mechanism to bypass blocks of material by providing a list of links to the different sections of the content. The links in this list, like a small table of contents at the beginning of the content, set focus to the different sections of the content. This technique is particularly useful for pages with many independent sections, such as portals. It may also be combined with other techniques for skipping blocks within a section.

Examples

Example 1

The Web pages on a site all start with three links that navigate to the main content of that Web page, the search field, and the navigation bar.

Resources

Resources are for information purposes only, no endorsement implied.

Tests

Procedure

For each link in the set of links provided for this purpose:

  1. Check that the only controls in the Web page that precede the link are other links in the set.
  2. Check that the description of each link communicates that it links to some section of the content.
  3. Check that the link is either always visible or visible when it has keyboard focus.
  4. Check that activating the link moves the focus to that section of the content.

Expected Results

  • All checks above are true.