Using script to scroll content, and providing a mechanism to pause it

Important Information about Techniques

See Understanding Techniques for WCAG Success Criteria for important information about the usage of these informative techniques and how they relate to the normative WCAG 2.1 success criteria. The Applicability section explains the scope of the technique, and the presence of techniques for a specific technology does not imply that the technology can be used in all situations to create content that meets WCAG 2.1.

Applicability

Technologies that support script-controlled scrolling of content.

This technique relates to:

Description

The objective of this technique is to provide a way for users to stop scrolling content when the scrolling is created by a script. Scrolling content can be difficult or impossible to read by users with low vision or with cognitive disabilities. The movement can also be distracting for some people making it difficult for them to concentrate on other parts of the Web page.

Examples

Example 1

In this example CSS and Javascript are used to visually present some text in a scrolling format. A link is included to pause the scrolling movement.

This implementation will display the full text and omit the link when Javascript or CSS are unsupported or inactive.

The following code is an amended version of webSemantic's Accessible Scroller (as at July 2008).

The XHTML component:

...
<div id="scroller">
<p id="tag">This text will scroll and a Pause/Scroll link will be present 
when Javascript and CSS are supported and active.</p>
</div>
...

The CSS component:

...
body {font:1em verdana,sans-serif; color:#000; margin:0}

/* position:relative and overflow:hidden are required */
#scroller { position:relative; overflow:hidden; width:15em; border:1px solid #008080; }

/* add formatting for the scrolling text */
#tag { margin:2px 0; }

/* #testP must also contain all text-sizing properties of #tag  */
#testP { visibility:hidden; position:absolute; white-space:nowrap; } 

/* used as a page top marker and to limit width */
#top { width:350px; margin:auto; }
...

The JavaScript component:

var speed=50        // speed of scroller
var step=3          // smoothness of movement
var StartActionText= "Scroll"  // Text for start link
var StopActionText = "Pause"   // Text for stop link

var x, scroll, divW, sText=""

function onclickIE(idAttr,handler,call){
  if ((document.all)&&(document.getElementById)){idAttr[handler]="Javascript:"+call}
}

function addLink(id,call,txt){
  var e=document.createElement('a')
  e.setAttribute('href',call)
  var linktext=document.createTextNode(txt)
  e.appendChild(linktext)
  document.getElementById(id).appendChild(e)
}

function getElementStyle() {
    var elem = document.getElementById('scroller');
    if (elem.currentStyle) {
        return elem.currentStyle.overflow;
    } else if (window.getComputedStyle) {
        var compStyle = window.getComputedStyle(elem, '');
        return compStyle.getPropertyValue("overflow");
    }
    return "";
}

function addControls(){
// test for CSS support first 
// test for the overlow property value set in style element or external file
if (getElementStyle()=="hidden") {
  var f=document.createElement('div');
  f.setAttribute('id','controls');
  document.getElementById('scroller').parentNode.appendChild(f);
  addLink('controls','Javascript:clickAction(0)',StopActionText);
  onclickIE(document.getElementById('controls').childNodes[0],"href",'clickAction(0)');
  document.getElementById('controls').style.display='block';
  }
}

function stopScroller(){clearTimeout(scroll)}

function setAction(callvalue,txt){
  var c=document.getElementById('controls')
  c.childNodes[0].setAttribute('href','Javascript:clickAction('+callvalue+')')
  onclickIE(document.getElementById('controls').childNodes[0],"href",'clickAction

('+callvalue+')')
  c.childNodes[0].firstChild.nodeValue=txt
}

function clickAction(no){
  switch(no) {
    case 0:
      stopScroller();
      setAction(1,StartActionText);
      break;
    case 1:
      startScroller();
      setAction(0,StopActionText);
  }
}

function startScroller(){
  document.getElementById('tag').style.whiteSpace='nowrap'
  var p=document.createElement('p')
  p.id='testP'
  p.style.fontSize='25%' //fix for mozilla. multiply by 4 before using
  x-=step
  if (document.getElementById('tag').className) p.className=document.getElementById

('tag').className
  p.appendChild(document.createTextNode(sText))
  document.body.appendChild(p)
  pw=p.offsetWidth
  document.body.removeChild(p)
  if (x<(pw*4)*-1){x=divW}
  document.getElementById('tag').style.left=x+'px'
  scroll=setTimeout('startScroller()',speed)
}

function initScroller(){
  if (document.getElementById && document.createElement && document.body.appendChild) {
    addControls();
    divW=document.getElementById('scroller').offsetWidth;
    x=divW;
    document.getElementById('tag').style.position='relative';
    document.getElementById('tag').style.left=divW+'px';
    var ss=document.getElementById('tag').childNodes;
    for (i=0;i<ss.length;i++) {sText+=ss[i].nodeValue+" "};
    scroll=setTimeout('startScroller()',speed);
  }
}

function addLoadEvent(func) {
  if (!document.getElementById | !document.getElementsByTagName) return
  var oldonload = window.onload
  if (typeof window.onload != 'function') {
    window.onload = func;
  } else {
    window.onload = function() {
      oldonload()
      func()
    }
  }
}

addLoadEvent(initScroller)

A working example of this code, Example of using script to scroll content and providing a mechanism to pause it, is available.

Resources

Resources are for information purposes only, no endorsement implied.

Tests

Procedure

  1. Check that a mechanism is provided to pause the scrolling content.
  2. Use the pause mechanism to pause the scrolling content.
  3. Check that the scrolling has stopped and does not restart by itself.
  4. Check that a mechanism is provided to restart the paused content.
  5. Use the restart mechanism provided to restart the scrolling content.
  6. Check that the scrolling has resumed from the point where it was stopped.

Expected Results

  • Checks #3 and #6 are true.