Read This First
The code in this example is not intended for production environments. Before using it for any purpose, read this to understand why.
This is an illustrative example of one way of using ARIA that conforms with the ARIA specification.
- There may be support gaps in some browser and assistive technology combinations, especially for mobile/touch devices. Testing code based on this example with assistive technologies is essential before considering use in production systems.
- The ARIA and Assistive Technologies Project is developing measurements of assistive technology support for APG examples.
- Robust accessibility can be further optimized by choosing implementation patterns that maximize use of semantic HTML and heeding the warning that No ARIA is better than Bad ARIA.
About This Example
The following example demonstrates using the Disclosure Pattern to create a set of frequently asked questions where the answers may be independently shown or hidden.
Similar examples include:
Park at the nearest available parking meter without paying the meter and call 999-999-9999 to report the problem. We will note and approve your alternate location and will investigate the cause of the shortage in your assigned facility.
You should come to the Parking office and report the loss. There is a fee to replace your lost permit. However, if your permit was stolen, a copy of a police report needs to be submitted along with a stolen parking permit form for a fee replacement exemption.
All facilities are restricted from 2:00 am - 6:00 am on all days. No exceptions are made for any holiday or recess except those officially listed as a
Holidaysin the calendar. Please note: 24-hour rental spaces, 24-hour rental lots, and disabled parking is enforced at all times.
Some parking facility restrictions differ from others. Be sure to take note of the signs at each lot entrance.
The semantic structure of the FAQ is conveyed with native
ddelements. To ensure the list structure is communicated to assistive technologies, instead of applying a button role to the
buttonelement is contained within the
dtelement. Similarly, each
divelement containing answer content that can be shown or hidden by the button is a child of a
ddelement. Since all the
ddelements are present in the DOM even if some answers are hidden, the
dlstructure is always complete.
- To help people with visual impairments identify the disclosure as interactive and make it easier to perceive that clicking either the disclosure button or its label changes the expanded state, when a pointer hovers over the button or its label, the background color changes, a border appears, and the cursor changes to a pointer.
- Because transparent borders are visible on some systems with operating system high contrast settings enabled, transparency cannot be used to create a visual difference between the element that is focused and other elements. Instead of using transparency, the focused element has a thicker border and less padding. When an element receives focus, its border changes from 0 to 2 pixels and padding is reduced by 2 pixels. When an element loses focus, its border changes from 2 pixels to 0 and padding is increased by 2 pixels.
To ensure the inline SVG arrow graphics in the CSS have sufficient contrast with the background when high contrast settings invert colors, the color of the arrows are synchronized with the color of the text content.
For example, the color of the arrow is set to match the foreground color of high contrast mode text by specifying the CSS
currentcolorvalue for the
fillproperties of the
polygonelements used to draw the arrows. If specific colors were instead used to specify the
polygonproperties, those colors would remain the same in high contrast mode, which could lead to insufficient contrast between the arrows and the background or even make the arrows invisible if the color matched the high contrast mode background.
Note: The SVG element needs to have the CSS
forced-color-adjustproperty set to
currentcolorvalue to be updated in high contrast mode. Some browsers do not use
autofor the default value.
|Tab||Moves keyboard focus to the disclosure button.|
|Activates the disclosure button, which toggles the visibility of the answer to the question.|
Role, Property, State, and Tabindex Attributes
||Identifies the element controlled by the disclosure button.|