W3C Accessibility Standards Overview

Introduction

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) develops international Web standards: HTML, CSS, and many more. W3C’s Web standards are called W3C Recommendations.

All W3C standards are reviewed for accessibility support by the Accessible Platform Architectures (APA) Working Group.

The standards and Notes (which are not standards) introduced below are particularly relevant to accessibility.

Accessibility Guidelines

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG)

Web “content” generally refers to the information in a web page or web application, including:

WCAG applies to dynamic content, multimedia, “mobile”, etc. WCAG can also be applied to non-web information and communications technologies (ICT), as described in WCAG2ICT.

WCAG info:

Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines (ATAG)

Authoring tools are software and services that “authors” (web developers, designers, writers, etc.) use to produce web content. For example: HTML editors, content management systems (CMS), and websites that let users add content, such as blogs and social networking sites. ATAG documents explain how to: • make the authoring tools themselves accessible, so that people with disabilities can create web content, and • help authors create more accessible web content.

ATAG info:

User Agent Accessibility Guidelines (UAAG)

User agents include browsers, browser extensions, media players, readers, and other applications that render web content.

UAAG info:

Technical Specifications

Accessible Rich Internet Applications (WAI-ARIA)

ARIA provides semantics so authors can convey user interface behaviors and structural information to assistive technologies (such as screen readers). The ARIA specification provides an ontology of roles, states, and properties that define accessible user interface elements.

The ARIA suite includes API mapping specifications that provide user agent implementation guidance. It also include modules for Graphics and Digital Publishing.

ARIA info:

For Audio and Video

For Evaluation

The following resources support development of accessibility evaluation methods and tools:

Additional Information

illustration showing the guidelines for the different components, detailed description at http://www.w3.org/WAI/intro/components-desc.html#guide

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