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Vertical Temperature Slider Example

Vertical Temperature Slider Example

Read This First

The code in this example is not intended for production environments. Before using it for any purpose, read this to understand why.

This is an illustrative example of one way of using ARIA that conforms with the ARIA specification.

About This Example


Some users of touch-based assistive technologies may experience difficulty utilizing widgets that implement this slider pattern because the gestures their assistive technology provides for operating sliders may not yet generate the necessary output. To change the slider value, touch-based assistive technologies need to respond to user gestures for increasing and decreasing the value by synthesizing key events. This is a new convention that may not be fully implemented by some assistive technologies. Authors should fully test slider widgets using assistive technologies on devices where touch is a primary input mechanism before considering incorporation into production systems.

The following example is a vertically oriented temperature control that implements the Slider Pattern. The slider illustrates use of aria-orientation to specify vertical orientation and use of aria-valuetext to convey unit of measure for numeric values to assistive technology users by appending degrees Celsius to the current value.

Similar examples include:

  • Color Viewer Slider Example: Basic horizontal sliders that illustrate setting numeric values for a color picker.
  • Rating Slider Example: Horizontal slider that demonstrates using aria-valuetext to make it easy for assistive technology users to understand the meaning of the current value chosen on a ten-point satisfaction scale.
  • Media Seek Slider Example: Horizontal slider that demonstrates using aria-valuetext to communicate current and maximum values of time in media to make the values easy to understand for assistive technology users by converting the total number of seconds to minutes and seconds.
  • Horizontal Multi-Thumb Slider Example: Demonstrates using sliders with two thumbs to provide inputs for numeric ranges, such as for searching in a price range.


25°C 25°C

Accessibility Features

  • The display of the slider's current value remains adjacent to the thumb as the thumb is moved, so people with a small field of view (e.g., due to magnification) can easily see the value while focusing on the thumb as they move it.
  • To ensure the borders of the slider rail, thumb and focus ring have sufficient contrast with the background when high contrast settings invert colors, the color of the borders are synchronized with the color of the text content. For example, the color of the focus ring border is set to match the foreground color of high contrast mode text by specifying the CSS currentcolor value for the stroke property of the inline SVG rect element used to draw the focus ring border. To make the background of the rect match the high contrast background color, the fill-opacity attribute of the rect is set to zero. If specific colors were instead used to specify the stroke and fill properties, those colors would remain the same in high contrast mode, which could lead to insufficient contrast between the rail and the thumb or even make them invisible if their color matched the high contrast mode background.
    Note: The SVG element needs to have the CSS forced-color-adjust property set to auto for the currentcolor value to be updated in high contrast mode. Some browsers do not use auto for the default value.

Keyboard Support

Key Function
Right Arrow Increases slider value one step.
Up Arrow Increases slider value one step.
Left Arrow Decreases slider value one step.
Down Arrow Decreases slider value one step.
Page Up Increases temperature slider value multiple steps. In this slider, jumps twenty steps (e.g. 2°C).
Page Down Decreases temperature slider value multiple steps. In this slider, jumps twenty steps (e.g. 2°C).
Home Sets slider to its minimum value.
End Sets slider to its maximum value.

Role, Property, State, and Tabindex Attributes

Role Attribute Element Usage
none svg ensures assistive technologies do not present the SVG element as an image or any other type of meaningful element.
slider g
  • Identifies the element as a slider.
  • Set on the g element that represents the movable thumb because it is the operable element that receives focus and conveys the value.
tabindex="0" g Includes the slider thumb in the page tab sequence.
aria-orientation g Indicates the slider is vertically oriented.
aria-valuemax="NUMBER" g Specifies the numeric value that is the maximum allowed value of the slider.
aria-valuemin="NUMBER" g Specifies the numeric value that is the minimum allowed value of the slider.
aria-valuenow="NUMBER" g A numeric value that is the current value of the slider.
aria-valuetext="STRING" g Provides a more user-friendly name for the current value of the slider by combining the current value with the string degrees Celsius.
aria-labelledby="IDREF" g Refers to the element containing the name (e.g. label) of the slider.
aria-hidden="true" rect Removes the SVG rect element from the accessibility tree to prevent screen readers from presenting it as a meaningful image.

JavaScript and CSS Source Code

HTML Source Code

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