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Technique H93:Ensuring that id attributes are unique on a Web page

About this Technique

This technique relates to 4.1.1: Parsing (Obsolete and removed) (Sufficient, together with H74: Ensuring that opening and closing tags are used according to specification and H94: Ensuring that elements do not contain duplicate attributes when used for ensuring that Web pages can be parsed).

This technique applies to all HTML pages.


The objective of this technique is to avoid errors that result from the same id attribute being used multiple times on the same page. These errors can be avoided by making sure the page doesn't have duplicate id values. This can be done manually or by using HTML's mechanism to specify the technology and technology version, and validating the document for this condition. There are several validators that the developer can use; validation reports generally mention this type of error. The document type declaration is not strictly necessary for this type of evaluation, but specifying the document type declaration makes it easier to use a validator.


Example 1: Duplicate id attributes in form elements

In this example, the first name and last name inputs both have an id attribute with the same value. Due to the way accessible names are computed, this results in the last name input having no accessible name.

<label for="fname">First Name</label>
<input autocomplete="given-name" id="fname" type="text">
<label for="lname">Last Name</label>
<input autocomplete="family-name" id="fname" type="text">

Example 2: HTML Validators

HTML pages include a document type declaration (sometimes referred to as !DOCTYPE statement). The developer can use offline or online validators (see Resources below) to check that id attribute values are only used once on a page. The W3C validator, for example, will report "Duplicate ID" when it encounters the subsequent uses of an id value.

Related Resources

No endorsement implied.

For other resources, see G134: Validating Web pages.



  1. Check that all id attribute values are unique on the page.

Expected Results

  • Check #1 is true.

Test Rules

The following are Test Rules related to this Technique. It is not necessary to use these particular Test Rules to check for conformance with WCAG, but they are defined and approved test methods. For information on using Test Rules, see Understanding Test Rules for WCAG Success Criteria.

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