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Technique C8:Using CSS letter-spacing to control spacing within a word

About this Technique

This technique is Sufficient to meet 1.3.2: Meaningful Sequence when used with G57: Ordering the content in a meaningful sequence and Advisory for 1.4.5: Images of Text and Advisory for 1.4.9: Images of Text (No Exception) and Advisory for 1.4.12: Text Spacing .


All technologies that support CSS.

This technique relates to:


The objective of this technique is to demonstrate how the visual appearance of spacing in text may be enhanced via style sheets while still maintaining meaningful text sequencing. The CSS letter-spacing property helps developers control the amount of white space between characters. This is recommended over adding blank characters to control the spacing, since the blank characters can change the meaning and pronunciation of the word.


Example 1: Increasing the spacing between characters in a word

The following CSS would add the equivalent of a space between each character in a level-2 heading:


h2 {
  letter-spacing: 1em;



The rendered result might look something like:

M u s e u m

Other sources

No endorsement implied.



For each word that appears to have non-standard spacing between characters:

  1. Check whether the CSS letter-spacing property was used to control spacing.

Expected Results

  • Check #1 is true.
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