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Technique F111:Failure of Success Criteria 1.3.1, 2.5.3, and 4.1.2 due to a control with visible label text but no accessible name

About this Technique

This technique is a Failure of 2.5.3: Label in Name.


All technologies that include interactive controls (such as links or form inputs).

This technique relates to 2.5.3: Label in Name (Failure).


The objective of this Failure is to describe situations where speech input users cannot reliably speak the name of a control because although it has a visible label, it lacks an accessible name.

When speech input users interact with a web page, they usually speak a command followed by the reference to some visible label (like the text in a button or a link, or the text labelling some input). If the control lacks an accessible name, speech users won't be able to activate the control using its visible label.


Example 1: A text input with a visible label, but without an accessible name

The text input is preceded by a visible text label "Enter name", but the text is not marked up as a <label> for the input, and there is no alternative way (e.g., aria-label) to provide the input with an accessible name at all.

					<p>Enter name</p>
					<input type="text">

Example 2: A text input with a visible label and aria-labelledby pointing to a non-existent id

The text input is preceded by a visible text label "Enter name". The text's container has an id of nameEntry, but the input has an aria-labelledby referencing a non-existent name-entry id. As a result, the input lacks an accessible name altogether.

					<p id="nameEntry">Enter name</p>
					<input type="text" aria-labelledby="name-entry" >



For all controls with a visible label (e.g., link text, button text, programmatically linked label, images in links or buttons with text, etc.), check that:

  1. The control has a visible text label.
  2. The control has an accessible name.
  3. The accessible name contains the text that appears as the visible label.

Expected Results

  • If check #1 is false, the Success Criterion does not apply.
  • If check #1 is true, but checks #2 and/or #3 are false, the content fails the Success Criterion.
  • If all checks are true, the content passes the Success Criterion.
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