🔙 WCAG 3.0 (Silver) Guidelines (Structured content)

Structured content

Use headings, sections, and sub-headings to organize your text.


Headings organize content on a section of a web pagetext, images, application controls, and other types of content. A section is a self-contained portion of content that deals with one or more related topics or thoughts.

Types of content that may use a heading (Content may be presented individually or in a connected group):

  • Documents
  • Web pages
  • eBooks
  • Paragraphs
  • Lists
  • Subsections
  • Images
  • Multimedia
  • Application controls

Form fields, menus and checkboxes are not headings. For more information on using these components, please see [TOD} user interface components.


  • Headings help people understand and navigate what you write.
  • Headings make it easier to find updated content.
  • Users find it easier to scan material with clear marked headings.
  • Headings allow readers to skim longer passages of text and choose which parts they want to read.

Who it helps

  • Visually impaired and blind people use headings to navigate sections.
  • People with cognitive disabilities use headings to understand how writers organize their thoughts.
  • People who use keyboard navigation use headings to jump to content they want to read.
  • All readers benefit from clear organization and navigation, especially when their time and energy are limited.


  • Organize your text into sections and give each of them a heading.
  • Be sure the heading gives structure and context to its related content.
  • Write headings that clearly and concisely describe the topic in the subsequent content.
  • Use subheadings to organize content within sections.
  • Include headings and subheadings in site maps and table of contents.
  • Use chapters — like a printed book — for longer blocks of text.

Change Log

{list of non-editorial changes by date}
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