Making Content Usable for People with Cognitive and Learning Disabilities

W3C Working Group Note

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This document is for people who make web content (web pages) and web applications. It gives advice on how to make content usable for people with cognitive and learning disabilities. This includes, but is not limited to: cognitive disabilities, learning disabilities (LD), neurodiversity, intellectual disabilities, and specific learning disabilities.

This document has content about:

The objectives and patterns presented here provide supplemental guidance beyond the requirements of the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines WCAG [WCAG22]. Following this guidance is not required for conformance to WCAG [WCAG22]. However, following this guidance will increase accessibility for people with cognitive and learning disabilities.

Status of This Document

This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of current W3C publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be found in the W3C technical reports index at

This document was published by the Cognitive and Learning Disabilities Accessibility Task Force (Coga TF) of the Accessible Platform Architectures Working Group and the Accessibility Guidelines Working Group as a Working Group Note.

This document is for people who make web content, including web applications. It focuses on meeting the needs of people with cognitive and learning disabilities. It covers aims and objectives for usable content; design patterns (ways) to make content usable; including users in research, design, and testing activities; personas; and user needs. Details of changes are described in the changelog.

Comments regarding this document are welcome, input received and further evolution of technology may trigger additional updates. To comment, file an issue in the W3C coga GitHub repository. If this is not feasible, send email to (archives).

Publication as a Working Group Note does not imply endorsement by the W3C Membership.

This is a draft document and may be updated, replaced or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to cite this document as other than work in progress.

This document was produced by groups operating under the 1 August 2017 W3C Patent Policy. The groups do not expect this document to become a W3C Recommendation.

This document is governed by the 15 September 2020 W3C Process Document.