Techniques for WCAG 2.0

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F92: Failure of Success Criterion 1.3.1 due to the use of role presentation on content which conveys semantic information



This failure relates to:


This failure occurs when a role of presentation is applied to an element whose purpose is to convey information or relationships in the content. Elements such as table, can convey information about the content contained in them via their semantic markup. The WAI-ARIA role of "presentation" on the other hand, is intended to suppress semantic information of content from the accessibility API and prevent user agents from conveying that information to the user. Use of the "presentation" role for content which should convey semantic information may prevent the user from understanding that content.


Failure Example 1:

In this example, tabular data is marked up with role=presentation. Though design layout tables can be marked up in such a way, data tables need to retain their semantic information and should therefore not be marked up with role=presentation.

Example Code:

<table role="presentation">
   <caption>Fruits and their colors</caption>
    <td scope="row">banana</td>
    <td scope="row">orange</td>


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  1. Check if an element which conveys information, structure, or relationships through its semantic markup

  2. Element has the attribute role="presentation".

Expected Results

Techniques are Informative

Techniques are informative—that means they are not required. The basis for determining conformance to WCAG 2.0 is the success criteria from the WCAG 2.0 standard—not the techniques. For important information about techniques, please see the Understanding Techniques for WCAG Success Criteria section of Understanding WCAG 2.0.