WAI-ARIA 1.0 Authoring Practices

An author's guide to understanding and implementing Accessible Rich Internet Applications

Editors' Draft 26 May 2016

This version:
Latest version:
Previous version:
Joseph Scheuhammer, Invited Expert
Michael Cooper, W3C
Previous Editors:
Lisa Pappas, Society for Technical Communication
Richard Schwerdtfeger, IBM


This document provided readers with an understanding of how to use WAI-ARIA [ARIA] to create accessible rich internet applications. It described considerations that might not be evident to most authors from the WAI-ARIA specification alone and recommends approaches to make widgets, navigation, and behaviors accessible using WAI-ARIA roles, states, and properties. This document was directed primarily to Web application developers, but the guidance is also useful for user agent and assistive technology developers. This document is part of the WAI-ARIA suite described in the WAI-ARIA Overview.

Status of This Document

This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of current W3C publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be found in the W3C technical reports index at http://www.w3.org/TR/.

Work on this document has been discontinued and it should not be referenced or used as a basis for implementation. Updated guidance is now available in a new version of WAI-ARIA Authoring Practices.

This is a Working Group Note by the Accessible Rich Internet Applications (ARIA) Working Group of the Web Accessibility Initiative. This version has been published in order to "retire" the document. It was originally developed by the Protocols and Formats Working Group (PFWG) to provide guidance to authors using the Accessible Rich Internet Applications (WAI-ARIA) technology. The PFWG did not finalize the document, and the ARIA Working Group began work on a new version, WAI-ARIA Authoring Practices 1.1, to accompany WAI-ARIA 1.1. To avoid conflicts with updated advice, this document is published with empty content in order to direct readers to newer resources.

To comment on this or other WAI-ARIA documents, send email to public-aria@w3.org (comment archive) or file an issue in the W3C ARIA GitHub repository.

Publication as a Working Group Note does not imply endorsement by the W3C Membership. This is a draft document and may be updated, replaced or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to cite this document as other than work in progress.

This document was produced by a group operating under the 5 February 2004 W3C Patent Policy. The group does not expect this document to become a W3C Recommendation. W3C maintains a public list of any patent disclosures made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also includes instructions for disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains Essential Claim(s) must disclose the information in accordance with section 6 of the W3C Patent Policy.

This document is governed by the 1 September 2015 W3C Process Document.