Internationalization: Ruby Annotation

W3C International Internationalization

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On this page: History , Translations, Examples

Elsewhere: Errata

Ruby Annotation

Ruby Annotation becomes a W3C Recommendation and part of XHTML 1.1 on May 31, 2001. See also Press Release .

Ruby are small character annotations, sometimes added to the characters of an ideographic script like Japanese, to clarify the pronunciation (and/or the meaning) of those characters. They are usually put in a very small font, along the side of the ideogram in vertical text, or at the top in horizontal text. (In fact, "ruby" is the word with which, traditionally, British printers refer to an 8pt type face.)

Here is an example: The word 'shinkansen': three Ja

For ruby styling, there is the CSS3 module: Ruby Working Draft (work in progress).

Translations

NEW: See the W3C translations database

Examples

Ruby used for linguistic annotations (experimental)

History

31 May 2001: Ruby Annotation becomes a W3C Recommendation , with a Press Release .

6 April 2001: Ruby Annotation becomes a Proposed Recommendation and part of XHTML 1.1

16 February 2001: Post Last Call Working Draft of Ruby Annotation

16 February 2001: First Working Draft CSS3 module: Ruby (replaces respective chapter of International Layout Working Draft)

17 December 1999: Ruby Annotation Last Call Working Draft published

24 September 1999: Ruby Working Draft published

10 September 1999: International Layout Working Draft , with CSS properties for Ruby styling

26 July 1999: International Layout Working Draft published

22 March 1999: Ruby Working Draft published

22 March 1999: International Layout in CSS Working Draft published

27 Januar 1999: First International Layout in CSS Working Draft published

21 December 1998: First Ruby Working Draft published

28 February 1997: Ruby in the Hypertext Markup Language , an Internet-Draft (expired) for Ruby in HTML using attributes ( backgound material )

Errata : See errata page.


W3C Martin Dürst , i18n coordinator
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Last updated $Date: 2008/05/07 15:33:12 $