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The <ruby> element allows one or more spans of phrasing content to be marked with ruby annotations.


  • Ruby annotations are short runs of text presented alongside base text, primarily used in East Asian typography as a guide for pronunciation or to include other annotations.
    In Japanese, this form of typography is also known as furigana.

HTML Attributes

See global attributes.


Example A

In this example, each ideograph in the Japanese text 漢字 is annotated with its reading in hiragana. [try it]:


HTML Reference

The HTML5 specification defines the <ruby> element in 4.6.19 The ruby element.