Techniques for WCAG 2.0

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H25: Providing a title using the title element



This technique relates to:


All HTML and XHTML documents, including those in individual frames in a frameset, have a title element in the head section that defines in a simple phrase the purpose of the document. This helps users to orient themselves within the site quickly without having to search for orientation information in the body of the page.

Note that the (mandatory) title element, which only appears once in a document, is different from the title attribute, which may be applied to almost every HTML and XHTML element.


Example 1

This example defines a document's title.

Example Code:

<html xmlns="">   
      <title>The World Wide Web Consortium</title>     


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  1. Examine the source code of the HTML or XHTML document and check that a non-empty title element appears in the head section.

  2. Check that the title element describes the document.

Expected Results

If this is a sufficient technique for a success criterion, failing this test procedure does not necessarily mean that the success criterion has not been satisfied in some other way, only that this technique has not been successfully implemented and can not be used to claim conformance.