HTML 2.0 Materials
The HTML 2.0 specification RFC
1866, is a product of the HTML Working
Group of the
IETF, edited by
RFC 1866. Proposed Standard
Markup Language Specification -- 2.0",
T. Berners-Lee and D. Connolly, November 1995.
The Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is a simple markup language used to
create hypertext documents that are platform independent. HTML documents
are SGML documents with generic semantics that are appropriate for representing
information from a wide range of domains. HTML markup can represent hypertext
news, mail, documentation, and hypermedia; menus of options; database query
results; simple structured documents with in-lined graphics; and hypertext
views of existing bodies of information.
HTML has been in use by the World Wide Web (WWW) global information initiative
since 1990. This specification roughly corresponds to the capabilities of
HTML in common use prior to June 1994. HTML is an application of ISO Standard
8879:1986 Information Processing Text and Office Systems; Standard Generalized
Markup Language (SGML).
The `text/html' Internet Media Type (RFC 1590) and MIME Content Type (RFC
1521) is defined by this specification.
Network Working Group T. Berners-Lee
Request for Comments: 1866 MIT/W3C
Category: Standards Track D. Connolly
The published RFC is the same in content as the September 22 draft, which
is available here in several formats:
For folks that want to play around with the SGML source: It uses a document
type by Gary Houston called Snafu. His
GF: General SGML
Formatter package includes this DTD and a few others, and some nifty
tools to build TeXinfo, RTF, etc. from SGML documents.
HTML 2.0 Public Text
Current DTD, SGML Declaration, and other "SGML code"
Connolly's HTML Design
Getting kinda old by now.
"Character Set" Considered
A discussion of terminology related to coded character sets and character
Aug 8 draft
Aug 4 draft
June 15 draft
May 6 internet draft:
Hypertext Markup Language - 2.0 (130423 bytes)
For example, try this search
for HTML in The
Collection of Computer Science Bibliographies.
Archives of the www-talk and www-html mailing lists
for details of the early development of HTML.
About the Web
which contains background and history of the web project.
This is a timeline of publication events for HTML:
HTML 2.0 becomes IETF
This is an effort to create a specification for interoperablility among
implementations of HTML. See also: IETF
HTML Working group (closed in 96).
March 1995: HTML 3.0 internet draft
"provides additional capabilities over previous versions such as tables,
text flow around figures and math."
A review of the
HTML+ document format
Networks and ISDN Systems,
pp. 135-145, November 1994.
PostScript, Size: 847238,
Printed: 10 pages from
26 July 94 WWW IETF BOF
25 July 94 HTML-IG
HTML 2.0 July 1994 draft: Berners-Lee, Connolly, Muldrow
The HTML specification was rewritten for consistency and usability by
Karen Muldrow at HaL over the summer
of 1994. Dan Connolly presented the draft at the Toronto IETF meeting, where
the HTML working group was formed.
1994 April: HTML test suite; Dan
The internet draft spec for HTML expired, and there has been a lot of noise
about a new spec. I've collected a test suite of HTML documents and created
a DTD to parse them (with a few minor tweaks.)
Included are DTD for HTML that reflects
current practice, along with a whole mess of HTML
files I got from various places to test it out. This stuff has not been
prepared for distribution, but you can check out the
Makefile for clues.
Toward Closure on HTML
the www-talk mailing list archive for responses)
An Essay on HTML
a Formalism for Communication On the Web
1993 November: HTML+ Discussion Document;
Dave Ragget is working on a successor to HTML called HTML+. It is now supported
by Bill Perry's w3 mode for emacs and by tkWWW.
My comments on the HTML+
spec are under development.
Berners-Lee and Connolly
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) Tim Berners-Lee, CERN
Internet Draft Daniel Connolly, Atrium
IIIR Working Group June 1993
This internet draft (now expired) was "sponsored" by the Integration
of Internet Information Resources (IIIR) working group of the Internet
Engineering Task Force (IETF).
Nov 93 WWW-TEI,Cork
Web: The Information Universe
Berners-Lee, T., et al., (1992), Electronic Networking: Research, Applications
and Policy, Vol 1 No 2, Meckler, Westport CT, Spring 1992
Tim Berners-Lee originally drafted this as a somewhat informal reference
on the HTML elements. The document has been edited continuously since then,
with snapshots published through various means.
Dan Connolly, HTML 2.0
$Revision: 1.52 $ by $Author: connolly $ on $Date: 1999/09/28 22:29:40