Change Log: Introduction to Web Accessibility
This page records changes made to the WAI resource: Introduction to Web Accessibility. Please
send additions or corrections to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Last updated on $Date: 2005/09/07 01:17:47 $ by $Author:
on this page: Changes since Version 1.0 |
About (Requirements) | Pre-Version 1
Proposed changes not yet implemented
- confirm addressed issues at: http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/w3c-wai-eo/2005JulSep/0056.html
- [on hold] Put the terminology notes in a side column (see I18N)
- [2005-08August] significant rewrite of several sections
- [2005-02Feb-03] added link to Spanish translation
- Primary purpose: a short introduction to Web accessibility for
- Secondary purpose: link to resources that provide more information on
the topics covered
Introducing people to all the WAI resources is
not a purpose of this document.
- Primary audience is people who are new to Web accessibility, including
all users roles
Other audience notes:
- People translating the document
- People reading it in another language
- People using this information in presentations, articles, etc.
- People receiving the presentation, article, etc.
- See also Requirements for
Introduction Pages for WAI Site
- It will be a challenge to keep this short, preferably 2 printed
- This document is not the place to tackle myths and clarify
misconceptions. We need to be careful not to perpetuate myths and
misconceptions; however, we also need to use simple language and simple
- Current thoughts are that with this and the new site design in place
(which makes it easier to know what resources are available), the current
Getting Started page
will be discontinued.
Changes from 25 September
- [DONE] revised "Making the Web Acccessible" section
Changes from 17 August
- [DONE] added "Notes on Terminology" at the end
Change requests from 6 August
- [DONE] to "Web accessibility means that people with disabilities can
use the Web. This includes that people can perceive, understand,
navigate, and interact with the Web effectively" add the idea - something
like "as well as create and contribute to..."
- [DONE] first section, last paragraph: change "For more information on
how organizations benefit from Web accessibility, see "Developing a Web
Accessibility Business Case for Your Organization." to "For more
information, see "Developing a Web Accessibility Business Case for Your
- [DONE] first section, last paragraph: ", and older people." to ", and
some older people."
- [NOT done... did, but then took it out - i think it adds unnecessary
complication in this sentences and is adequately covered elsewhere]
"There are millions of people who have disabilities that affect their use
of the Web. Currently most Web sites" add "and Web software"
- [DONE] look at moving "Web Accessibility Barriers" paragraph to the
first section, without the subhead
- [DONE] Making a Web Site Accessible -- "However, retrofitting existing
sites can require significant effort, especially sites that do not meet
other standards, such as XHTML, and sites with certain types of content,
such as multimedia." some people might not understand that you might not
have to comply with standards - non-standard or inconsistent markup HTML
correct OR take it out altogether and go right to implementation link
- [DONE] evaluating section. incorporate idea of evaluating early &
throughout development - probably change first sentence, "Web
accessibility can be evaluated at different levels."
- [DONE (listed at end of this document)] put "Links in this Document" in
a list for a later version, e.g., in a print stylesheet.
Change requests from 23 July
- [DONE] (first paragraph) Web accessibility means that pwd can use the
Web effectively. OR Web accessibility means that pwd can use the Web
- [DONE] connect the term web accessibility to disability
- [DONE] indicate the breadth of disability we're talking about
- [DONE] indicate the breadth of what we mean by using the web
- [DONE] try leaving out the word "primary"
- [DONE] ...and create web pages OR contribute to the Web
[ notes from first pass: 1. would require too much explaining and
complicate the simple message up front, 2. is covered (albeit not
explicitly) throughout, "actively participate", "The Web offers...
interaction for people", " if Web software tools and Web sites were
made accessible" 3. discussion of this point in
http://www.w3.org/WAI/EO/Drafts/bcase/soc#social is referenced in
next section, 4. albeit important, not a primary focus. 5. both
- [DONE - with list of disabilities] Break out "how pwd use the web" into
its own paragraph
- [DONE] replace with the old sentence structure, more
straightforward, but use sub-links to the specific sections
- [DONE] (current second paragraph) Trying breaking apart the first
sentence of the second paragraph
- [DONE, based on other edits] change to sylvie's suggestion of
organizational issues... (#7)
- [DONE] try simplifying the sentence structure (for example "key
principles of web accessibility are...." instead of "flexibility ....
is a key principle...")
- [DONE] why is web accessibility important
- [DONE] add recreation to discreet list of areas
- [DONE] substitute: "Currently most Web sites have accessibility
barriers..." from Chuck and simplify language from William
- [DONE] editor's discretion: please make this more readable: ""The
opportunity that the Web offers of unprecedented access to
information and interaction for people with disabilities is addressed
in Web Accessibility is a Social Issue."
- [DONE] making the web accessible
- [DONE] editor smooth out the first sentence. [use old section about
the responsibilities of web developers]
- [DONE] try breaking it into two buckets: people and tools.
- [DONE] maybe move up "most sites today..."
- [DONE] accept shadi's suggestion for adding "or redesign
- [DONE] "Making a Specific Site Accessible" change to "Making a Web
- [DONE] general
- [DONE - I thought I would be able to take out more; however, I
became concerned about the statements being taken out of context -
I'm very welcome to more discussion and request to take out more]
editor's discretion: try to trim the use of "Web", and check the
consistency of use of the terms "site" and "Web site", and/or
introduce terms + abbreviations
- [DONE] editor review "users" in document & clarify where
needed, especially where helle commented
What is Web Accessibility
- I like the second sentence. Suggest that the order of the first and
second sentences be reversed. [Libby]
- I like the first paragraph of the document a lot. Will "How People with
Disabilities Use the Web" be also made into a link once its available?
- "Web accessibility focuses on developing the Web so that people with
disabilities can use it effectively. More specifically, the primary goal
Web accessibility is that people with visual, auditory, physical, speech,
cognitive, and neurological impairments can perceive, understand,
and interact with Web sites."
"developing the Web" is ambiguous to me. We are not about developing
Web but about making the creation/use of the content thereof
Sorry, I don't understand the difference you are trying to point out,
please explain a little more clearly.
In order to use the content of the Web, the underlying protocols and
tools must also support accessibility. What is left of the Web which we
don't address? [Shadi]
What is Web Accessibility (a question) and I find it difficult to
see or understand the first sentence as an answer to this question, I
have problems with the concept. My suggestion is to change the sentence
from: "Web accessibility focuses on developing the Web so that people
with disabilities can use it effectively."
"Web accessibility means that people with disability can use the web
I wish we could find a much-abbreviated version of "people with
auditory, physical, speech, cognitive, and neurological impairments".
In order to make the list of impairments shorter could we say:
communication, mobility, and cognitive impairments? I can't remember if
we already have tried these terms and rejected them.
I would like to see *creation* of Web content more specifically
since this has been a constant crusade. We tend to drift into the
of Web use as that of an audience - it is vital that we emphasiz(s)e the
postingto, not just the reading of the Web. [William]
- - Current wording: "Organizations can also benefit from Web
which is addressed in "
Developing a Web Accessibility Business Case for Your Organization."
- concerns: it is not clear to me what is adressed in the linked
- Suggestion for revision:
The way organizations can also benefit from Web accessibility is
addressed in " Developing a Web Accessibility Business Case for Your
Why Web Accessibility is Important
- In paragraph 2 "Why Web Accessibility is Important", I am missing
leisure (i.e. day-to-day) as one of the key factors but I'm not sure how
to word it or fit it in. [Shadi]
- such phrases as "... designed with accessibility barriers that create
unnecessary difficulties..." beg (or even cry out) for
monosyllabification. Something like "make Web use hard"? [William]
- I think the discussion about "barriers" to Web use do well to parallel
well-understood physical/architectural barriers with the kind we deal
perhaps "functional" barriers?
- Paragraph 2, Sentence 2 reads:
"Currently most Web sites are designed with accessibility barriers that
create unnecessary difficulties for many people with disabilities or even
prevent them from using the site at all."
"... are designed with ... " seems to suggest that inaccessible design is
a conscious decision (i.e. made by evil content providers) when we
generally accept (don't we?) that much inaccessible design happens due to
lack of awareness.
"Currently most Web sites have accessibility barriers that create
unnecessary difficulties for many people with disabilities or even
prevent them from using the site at all."
This is simpler and less confrontational, in my mind
- Third sentence:
- Current: wording:
"The opportunity that the Web offers of unprecedented access to
and interaction for people with disabilities is addressed in Web
Accessibility is a Social Issue."
- Concerns this sentence is not clear for me.
- Unfortunately no suggestions.
Making the Web Accessible
- "Making the Web Accessible": in my opinion I feel that the first
paragraph does not speak to me as someone new to Web accessibility as it
goes into too much details about tools and technologies. How about making
this paragraph even more higher level and move this paragraph as is to a
new sub-heading called "Web Tools" or something like that (also to
explain what is meant by "Web tools" which is used throughout the
- Have we discussed to use lists (<li>) in stead of comma (,) in
e.g. Making the Web Accessible Web accessibility is dependent on many
factors, including Web site developers, Web browsers and media players,
assistive technologies, authoring tools and evaluation tools, Web
technologies, and users, as explained in "Components of Web Accessibility
<http://www.w3.org/WAI/EO/Drafts/UCD/components> ." The Web
Accessibility Initiative (WAI) <http://www.w3.org/WAI/about.html>
develops guidelines for these components, that are international
standards for Web accessibility. Could look like:
Making the Web Accessible
Web accessibility is dependent on many factors, including (what have we
left out in this list?)
Users (end users or ?)
More details and explanations can be found in "Components of Web
Accessibility <http://www.w3.org/WAI/EO/Drafts/UCD/components> ."
The Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI)
develops guidelines for some of these components, that are international
standards for Web accessibility.
Making a Specific Site Accessible
- Finally and to be picky, in "Making a Specific Site Accessible" I
suggest to add "or redesign projects" to the end of the second sentence
in the first paragraph. [Shadi]
- I have a more general question: is it necessary to use the word Web so
many times? Especially in the chapter: Making the Web Accessible.
- Throughout the document the terms "site" and "web site" seems to have
been used a little inconsistently. [Helle]
Changes from 20 July 2004
- [DONE] several edits requested by Judy to Version 2004.07.16
Changes from 18 June 2004
- [DONE] title change to something like, "An Introduction to Web
- [DONE] look at integrating the links, e.g., making the text primary and
- [DONE] first sentence: make disability first, and benefits others. not
"everyone" and perhaps moving benefits to other earlier and add examples.
perhaps move third sentence higher... consider saying "people who have
difficulty seeing, hearing...", _perhaps_ using functional limitations
[although kinda jargony - if so, mark to test it]... probably avoid
- [DONE] check the list for discussion of example(s)
Changes from 11 June 2004
NOTE: The different sectioning with fonts, borders, and
columns is a rough idea of separating types of information. The design
details will be determined with the overall WAI site redesign.
- [DONE] significantly edit
- [DONE] at beginning, keep the focus on disability, yet maybe add
"everybody" and make it clear it applies broadly
- [DONE] leave the examples, try formatting them more similar
- [DONE] change examples from image descriptions to no mouse
- [DONE] fix, "Accessibility also benefits people without disabilities
who use accessible Web sites"
- [DONE] try to move older people in who benefits and out of More on
- [DONE] try putting More on in main text
- [DONE] add back in the legal sentence
- [DONE] edit down the paragraphs under "Why Web Accessibility is
- [DONE] add to "Making Web Sites Accessible" that there are
- General reactions...
- Does this have the right information? Should a topic be omiited? Should
a topic be added?
- Does this have the right amount of information? Should a topic be
covered in more detail? Should a topic be covered in less detail?
- Can it be made shorter and simpler? Should the examples be on a
separate page? Or, should there be two versions of the page, one version
with examples and one versions without examples?
- Are the right resources referenced ("More on..." sections)? Should a
reference be omitted? Should a reference be added?
- Which areas need editing?
- Other comments...
Ideas for Later or Next Version
- put "Links in this Document" in a list for a later version, e.g., in a
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