From W3C Wiki

This is an archived WebSchemas proposal Learning Resources (LRMI) schema for schema.org. See Proposals listing for more. Note: active schema.org development is now based at github


The Learning Resources Metadata Initiative has drafted a set of terms to improve schema.org's use with educational materials. This Learning Resources schema is the product of that LRMI initiative. See the LRMI site for detailed design discussions, related work and supporting materials.


This schema add two new types:

1) AlignmentObject, inherited from Intangible.

Definition: "An intangible item that describes an alignment between a learning resource and a node in an educational framework."

Properties from AlignmentObject
alignmentType Text A category of alignment between the learning resource and the framework node. Recommended values include: 'assesses', 'teaches', 'requires', 'textComplexity', 'readingLevel', 'educationalSubject', and 'educationLevel'.
educationalFramework Text The framework to which the resource being described is aligned.
targetDescription Text The description of a node in an established educational framework.
targetName Text The name of a node in an established educational framework.
targetUrl URL The URL of a node in an established educational framework.

2. EducationalAudience, inherited from Audience

Properties from EducationalAudience
educationalRole Text The role that describes the target audience of the content.

The schema mainly adds new properties (typically but not necc. on CreativeWork):

Property Expected Type Description
educationalAlignment schema.org/AlignmentObject An alignment to an established educational framework.
educationalUse schema.org/Text The purpose of the work in the context of education.
  • Ex: "assignment"
  • Ex: “group work”
interactivityType schema.org/Text The predominant mode of learning supported by the learning resource. Acceptable values are active, expositive, or mixed.
  • Ex: "active"
  • Ex: "mixed"
isBasedOnUrl schema.org/URL A resource that was used in the creation of this resource. This term can be repeated for multiple sources.
learningResourceType schema.org/Text The predominant type or kind characterizing the learning resource.
  • Ex: "presentation"
  • Ex: "handout"
timeRequired schema.org/Duration

(ISO 8601)

Approximate or typical time it takes to work with or through this learning resource for the typical intended target audience.
  • Ex: "P30M"
  • Ex: "P1H25M"
typicalAgeRange schema.org/Text The typical range of ages the content's intended end user.
  • Ex: "7-9"
  • Ex: "18-"

Example Markup

This example is based on a resource available at Connexions. Highlighted lines are those corresponding to LRMI-only terms.

<div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Book">
Inside Collection (<span itemprop="learningResourceType">Textbook</span>): 
<span itemprop="name">Collaborative Statistics</span>
<link itemprop="url" href="http://cnx.org/content/m16838/latest/?collection=col10522/latest" />
Textbook by: 
<a itemprop="author" href="http://cnx.org/member_profile/billowsky">Barbara Illowsky, Ph.D.</a>, 
<a itemprop="author" href="http://cnx.org/member_profile/sdean">Susan Dean</a>.

Based on parts of <a href="http://example.com/Probability-and-Statistics-book.html" 
itemprop="isBasedOnUrl">Probability And Statistics</a> and 
<a href="http://example.com/Statistics-book.html" itemprop="isBasedOnUrl">Statistics 101</a>  

Summary: <span itemprop="description">This module introduces the concept of Probability, 
the chance of an event occurring.</span>

<h3 itemprop="audience" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/EducationalAudience">
<span itemprop="educationalRole">Student</span> Learning Objectives</h3>
By the end of this chapter, the student should be able to:
 <li>Understand and use the terminology of probability.</li>
 <li itemprop="educationalAlignment" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/AlignmentObject">
  <meta itemprop="alignmentType" content="teaches"/>
  <span itemprop="targetName"><a itemprop="targetUrl" href="http://asn.jesandco.org/resources/S11435AF">
    Determine whether two events are mutually exclusive and whether two events are independent.</a></span>

 <li itemprop="educationalAlignment" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/AlignmentObject">
  <meta itemprop="alignmentType" content="teaches"/>
  <span itemprop="targetName"><a itemprop="targetUrl" href="http://example.com/competency502041">
    Calculate probabilities using the Addition Rules and Multiplication Rules.</span>

Discussion and related work