Requirements other than competencies and credentials

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Issue description: The analysis of the JDX JobSchema+ identified as missing from schema.org properties that relate to requirements other than those for competencies and credentials. These are
  • Citizenship Requirement "Country of applicant's citizenship"
  • Physical Requirement "Resource identifying types of physical activity associated with a job"
  • Security Clearance Requirement "Description of any security clearance requirements for the job"
  • Sensory Requirement "Resource identifying sensory requirements and levels necessary to function on the job including hearing and vision"

Discussion: mail list October 2019, thread on Other requirements in JobPostings.

  • Based on JDX, propose a four new properties of JobPosting for these requirements.

Proposal

Status: Proposed to schema.org (see issue 2384, pull request 2385)

Based on JDX, add the following as properties to schema.org/JobPosting

citizenshipRequirement:

Defintion: Country of applicant's citizenship.
Expected Type: Country, Text, Url

physicalRequirement:

Defintion: A description of the types of physical activity associated with the job.
Expected Type: DefinedTerm, Text, Url

securityClearanceRequirement:

Defintion: A description of any security clearance requirements of the job.
Expected Type: Text, Url

sensoryRequirement:

Defintion: A description of any sensory requirements and levels necessary to function on the job, including hearing and vision.
Expected Type: DefinedTerm, Text, Url

physical and sensoryRequirements may be merged.

Deifned terms such as those in O*net may be used, but note that there is no way to specify the level of ability as well as its nature when using a defined term.

Example

A posting for job that requires color discrimination (for example an electrician dealing with color-coded wiring)

{
  "@context": "http://schema.org/",
  "@type": "JobPosting",
  "sensoryRequirement": {
    "@type": "DefinedTerm",
    "termCode": "1.A.4.a.3",
    "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.onetonline.org/find/descriptor/browse/Abilities/",
    "name": "Visual Color Discrimination",
    "description": "The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness."
  }
}

A posting for a job that requires weights to be lifted (e.g. heavy goods delivery)

{
  "@context": "http://schema.org/",
  "@type": "JobPosting",
  "physicalRequirement": "Must be able to lift and carry loads of up to 50kg."
}