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Appendix D References

ANSI/HFS 100-1988, American National Standard for Human Factors Engineering of Visual Display Terminal Workstations, Section 6, pp. 17-20.
Arditi, A. (2002). Effective color contrast: designing for people with partial sight and color deficiencies. New York, Arlene R. Gordon Research Institute, Lighthouse International. Also available at
Arditi, A. and Faye, E. (2004). Monocular and binocular letter contrast sensitivity and letter acuity in a diverse ophthalmologic practice. Supplement to Optometry and Vision Science, 81 (12S), 287.
Arditi, A. and Knoblauch, K. (1994). Choosing effective display colors for the partially-sighted. Society for Information Display International Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 25, 32-35.
Arditi, A. and Knoblauch, K. (1996). Effective color contrast and low vision. In B. Rosenthal and R. Cole (Eds.) Functional Assessment of Low Vision. St. Louis, Mosby, 129-135.
The CAPTCHA Project, Carnegie Mellon University. The project is online at
Experts Issue Recommendations to Protect Public from Seizures Induced by TV / Videogames. A copy of the standard is available at
Gittings, NS and Fozard, JL (1986). Age related changes in visual acuity. Experimental Gerontology, 21(4-5), 423-433.
Levitt, H., Kozma-Spytek, L., & Harkins, J. (2005). In-the-ear measurements of interference in hearing aids from digital wireless telephones. Seminars in Hearing, 26(2), 87.
IEC/4WD 61966-2-1: Colour Measurement and Management in Multimedia Systems and Equipment - Part 2.1: Default Colour Space - sRGB. May 5, 1998.
ISO 9241-3, Ergonomic requirements for office work with visual display terminals (VDTs) - Part 3: Visual display requirements. Amendment 1.
"Tutorial: Character sets & encodings in XHTML, HTML and CSS," R. Ishida, ed., This tutorial is available at
Knoblauch, K., Arditi, A. and Szlyk, J. (1991). Effects of chromatic and luminance contrast on reading. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 8, 428-439.
Bakke, M. H., Levitt, H., Ross, M., & Erickson, F. (1999). Large area assistive listening systems (ALS): Review and recommendations (Final Report. NARIC Accession Number: O16430). Jackson Heights, NY: Lexington School for the Deaf/Center for the Deaf Rehabilitation Research Engineering Center on Hearing Enhancement.
"A Standard Default Color Space for the Internet - sRGB," M. Stokes, M. Anderson, S. Chandrasekar, R. Motta, eds., Version 1.10, November 5, 1996. A copy of this paper is available at
International Standard Classification of Education, 1997. A copy of the standard is available at
"Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0," B. Caldwell, M Cooper, L Guarino Reid, and G. Vanderheiden, eds., W3C Working Draft 17 May 2007. This W3C Working Draft is available at The latest version of WCAG 2.0 is available at