Techniques for WCAG 2.0

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SL26: Using LabeledBy to Associate Labels and Targets in Silverlight

Important Information about Techniques

See Understanding Techniques for WCAG Success Criteria for important information about the usage of these informative techniques and how they relate to the normative WCAG 2.0 success criteria. The Applicability section explains the scope of the technique, and the presence of techniques for a specific technology does not imply that the technology can be used in all situations to create content that meets WCAG 2.0.


This technique relates to:

User Agent and Assistive Technology Support Notes

See User Agent Support Notes for SL26. Also see Silverlight Technology Notes.


The objective of this technique is to use the AutomationProperties.LabeledBy property to associate a non-interactive text label with an interactive field such as a Silverlight TextBox or RichTextBox. By using this technique, application authors can use the label text as the default source for AutomationProperties.Name on the target, and do not need to specify an explicit AutomationProperties.Name.

This technique relies on several Silverlight features: the Name property for identifying specific UI elements, the AutomationProperties API, and the ElementName variation of Silverlight data binding. AutomationProperties.Name can be set on and can target any Silverlight UIElement. The two most common uses of this labeling technique are for labeling a form field, and for associating an image caption with an image.


Example 1: Two TextBox form fields, each with a LabeledBy reference to a text label

The following is XAML for the UI (and can be inserted into a UserControl XAML root or elsewhere). No code-behind is necessary for this example; the element relationships are established by the {Binding} values in the XAML and interpreted appropriately by the Silverlight run time.

   <StackPanel x:Name="LayoutRoot" Background="White">
       <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
           <TextBlock Name="lbl_FirstName">First name</TextBlock>
           <TextBox AutomationProperties.LabeledBy="{Binding ElementName=lbl_FirstName}" Name="tbFirstName" Width="100"/>
       <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
           <TextBlock Name="lbl_LastName">Last name</TextBlock>
           <TextBox AutomationProperties.LabeledBy="{Binding ElementName=lbl_LastName}" Name="tbLastName" Width="100"/>

This example is shown in operation in the working example of Labels.

Example 2: Labeling / captioning an image

       <Image HorizontalAlignment="Left" Width="480" Name="img_MyPix"
                AutomationProperties.LabeledBy="{Binding ElementName=caption_MyPix}"/>
       <TextBlock Name="caption_MyPix">Mount Snoqualmie North Bowl Skiing</TextBlock>

Note: If the caption is not a usable text alternative, use the technique SL5: Defining a Focusable Image Class for Silverlight, or change the caption text.


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  1. Using a browser that supports Silverlight, open an HTML page that references a Silverlight application through an object tag. To see UI Automation, use Microsoft Windows as platform.

  2. Use a verification tool that is capable of showing the full automation tree. (For example, use UIAVerify or Silverlight Spy; see Resources links.)

  3. Verify that any element that has a LabeledBy value has an associated visible label.

  4. Verify that any element that has a LabeledBy value uses the Name value from that label.

Expected Results

#3 and #4 are true.

If this is a sufficient technique for a success criterion, failing this test procedure does not necessarily mean that the success criterion has not been satisfied in some other way, only that this technique has not been successfully implemented and can not be used to claim conformance.