Techniques for WCAG 2.0

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T3: Using standard text formatting conventions for headings


Plain text documents. Not applicable to technologies that contain markup.

This technique relates to:


The objective of this technique is to use text formatting conventions to convey the structure of the content. Headings are used to locate and label sections of a text document, showing the organization of the document.

The beginning of a heading is indicated by

The end of a heading is indicated by

A blank line contains any number of non-printing characters, such as space or tab, followed by a new line.


Example 1

A paragraph is followed by two blank lines, then a heading, then one blank line, then another paragraph:

Example Code:

...this is the end of paragraph 1.

The Text of the Heading

This is the beginning of paragraph 2.


No resources available for this technique.

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For each heading in the content:

  1. Check that each heading is preceded by two blank lines

  2. Check that each heading is followed by a blank line

  3. Check that no heading contains any blank lines

Expected Results