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How People with Disabilities Use the Web

Working-Group Internal Draft, 5 May 2005

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Judy Brewer (
See also Acknowledgements section

Copyright © 1994-2005 W3C (MIT, ERCIM, Keio), All Rights Reserved. W3C liability, trademark, document use and software licensing rules apply.


This document provides an introduction to use of the Web by people with disabilities. It illustrates some of their requirements when using Web sites and Web-based applications, and provides supporting information for the guidelines and technical work of the World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C) Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI).

Status of this document

This draft document will soon be updated to reflect current best practice. We expect it to be completed and published by 2010, as part of the WAI-AGE Project.

Please do not reference or quote this draft because it is currently an unapproved internal draft and some of the techniques and terminology are out-of-date (for example, WCAG 2.0 is now recommended instead of WCAG 1.0). After it is completed, we will additionally grant permission to create modifications or derivatives of the material with appropriate reference.

Please reference Introduction to "How People with Disabilities Use the Web", which will always link to the latest version of this document.

This document version is a Working-Group Internal Draft intended for eventual publishing as a W3C Note. It may be superseded by a later version maintained at the W3C. This document is issued by the Education and Outreach Working Group (EOWG) as part of the WAI International Program Office Activity. Comments from the public, W3C Members, and working groups are welcome at A list of current W3C technical reports and publications including working drafts and notes can be found at

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Scenarios of People with Disabilities Using the Web
  3. Different Disabilities That Can Affect Web Accessibility
  4. Assistive Technologies and Adaptive Strategies
  5. Further Reading
  6. Scenario References
  7. General References
  8. Acknowledgements

1. Introduction