This specification defines the Initialization Data formats for use with the Encrypted Media Extensions [ENCRYPTED-MEDIA].

Some formats may be extracted from media data [HTML5] as defined in the Encrypted Media Extensions Stream Format Registry [EME-STREAM-REGISTRY]. All may be provided separately, such as via a manifest or other application data.

Status of This Document

This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of current W3C publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be found in the W3C technical reports index at https://www.w3.org/TR/.

The working group maintains a list of all bug reports that the editors have not yet tried to address.

Implementors should be aware that this specification is not stable. Implementors who are not taking part in the discussions are likely to find the specification changing out from under them in incompatible ways. Vendors interested in implementing this specification before it eventually reaches the Candidate Recommendation stage should join the mailing list mentioned below and take part in the discussions.

This document was published by the HTML Media Extensions Working Group as a Working Group Note. If you wish to make comments regarding this document, please send them to public-html-media@w3.org (subscribe, archives). All comments are welcome.

Publication as a Working Group Note does not imply endorsement by the W3C Membership. This is a draft document and may be updated, replaced or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to cite this document as other than work in progress.

This document was produced by a group operating under the 5 February 2004 W3C Patent Policy. W3C maintains a public list of any patent disclosures made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also includes instructions for disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains Essential Claim(s) must disclose the information in accordance with section 6 of the W3C Patent Policy.

This document is governed by the 1 September 2015 W3C Process Document.

1. Purpose

This registry is intended to enhance interoperability among implementations and users of encrypted media streams with the Encrypted Media Extensions (EME) specification [ENCRYPTED-MEDIA]. In particular, this registry provides the means (1) to identify and avoid collisions among initialization data type strings, and (2) to disclose information about initialization data formats accepted by EME implementations to promote interoperability.

2. Organization

The registry maintains a mapping between Initialization Data Type strings and format specifications, which describe the structure and semantics of initialization data. The strings are those used for initDataType values provided by and to Encrypted Media Extensions [ENCRYPTED-MEDIA] APIs.

This registry is not intended to include any information on whether a format is encumbered by intellectual property claims. Implementors and users are advised to seek appropriate legal counsel in this matter if they intend to implement or use a specific format.

3. Registration Entry Requirements

  1. Each entry must include a unique Initialization Data Type string.

  2. Each entry must include a link that references a publicly available specification. It is RECOMMENDED that such a specification be made available without cost (other than reasonable shipping and handling if not available by online means).

  3. Candidate entries must be announced on public-html-media@w3.org(subscribe, archives) so they can be discussed and evaluated for compliance before being added to the registry.

  4. Per the Encrypted Media Extensions specification, entries MUST be fully specified and support common formats such that instances of the format can be processed in a fully specified and compatible way.

4. Registry

Initialization Data Type Public Specification(s)
cenc "cenc" Initialization Data Format [EME-INITDATA-CENC]
keyids "keyids" Initialization Data Format [EME-INITDATA-KEYIDS]
webm "webm" Initialization Data Format [EME-INITDATA-WEBM]

A. References

A.1 Normative references

David Dorwin; Adrian Bateman; Mark Watson; Jerry Smith. W3C. "cenc" Initialization Data Format. URL: https://www.w3.org/TR/eme-initdata-cenc/
David Dorwin; Adrian Bateman; Mark Watson; Jerry Smith. W3C. "keyids" Initialization Data Format. URL: https://www.w3.org/TR/eme-initdata-keyids/
David Dorwin; Adrian Bateman; Mark Watson; Jerry Smith. W3C. "webm" Initialization Data Format. URL: https://www.w3.org/TR/eme-initdata-webm/
David Dorwin; Jerry Smith; Mark Watson; Adrian Bateman. W3C. Encrypted Media Extensions. 5 July 2016. W3C Candidate Recommendation. URL: https://www.w3.org/TR/encrypted-media/

A.2 Informative references

David Dorwin; Adrian Bateman; Mark Watson. W3C. Encrypted Media Extensions Stream Format Registry. URL: https://www.w3.org/TR/eme-stream-registry/
Ian Hickson; Robin Berjon; Steve Faulkner; Travis Leithead; Erika Doyle Navara; Theresa O'Connor; Silvia Pfeiffer. W3C. HTML5. 28 October 2014. W3C Recommendation. URL: https://www.w3.org/TR/html5/