WebAssembly Working Group Charter
The March 2020 version of this charter is newer.
The mission of the WebAssembly Working Group is to standardize a size- and load-time-efficient format and execution environment, allowing compilation to the web with consistent behavior across a variety of implementations.
|Start date||3 August 2017|
|End date||28 February 2020|
|Chair||Ben Smith (Google)|
|Previous chair||Brad Nelson (Google)|
|Team Contacts||Eric Prud'hommeaux (0.15 FTE)|
Meetings will be scheduled in accordance with the
W3C Process Document.
Teleconferences: We will meet by teleconference approximately once per month.
Face-to-face: We will meet during the W3C’s annual W3C Technical Plenary / Advisory Committee Meetings Week; additional face-to-face meetings may be scheduled, usually no more than 3 per year, per Process. Teleconference access to face-to-face meetings will be made available.
The WebAssembly format and execution environment address the shortcomings of those previous efforts.
The WebAssembly specification should contain a section detailing any known security or privacy implications for implementors, Web authors, and end users.
The WebAssembly specification should contain a section describing known impacts on accessibility to users with disabilities, ways the specification features address them, and recommendations for minimizing accessibility problems in implementation.
More detailed milestones and updated publication schedules are available on the group publication status page.
The WebAssembly Working Group will deliver the following normative specification:
This specification defines a size- and load-time-efficient format and execution environment allowing compilation to the web with consistent behavior across a variety of implementations.
Draft state: In progress in WebAssembly CG
Expected completion v.1: Q2 2018
Expected completion v.2: Q4 2018
Expected completion v.3: Q2 2019
Revisions to the WebAssembly Recommendation will be produced twice each year (see the timeline), snapshotting changes that have been incrementally adopted by the Working Group. They will include a testsuite and implementation report for the specification. Each successive version will incrementally incorporate improvements to support more machine-level operations, increase performance, or to better interoperate with the web platform, including features such as:
- Multiple return values
- Multiple memories + tables
- Threads + shared memory
- DOM/HTML integration
- Garbage-collected object support
- WebIDL interpretation for direct binding
- Direct WebGL binding
- Direct memory-mapped write access to IndexedDB objects
Other non-normative documents may be created, including:
- An OCaml reference interpreter
- Use cases and requirement documents
- “Explainers”, primers, and best-practice documents
- Q4 2017: First Public Working Draft of WebAssembly v.1
- Q2 2018: Recommendation of WebAssembly v.1
- Q2 2018: First Public Working Draft of WebAssembly v.2
- Q4 2018: Recommendation of WebAssembly v.2
- Q4 2018: First Public Working Draft of WebAssembly v.3
- Q2 2019: Recommendation of WebAssembly v.3
For all specifications, this Working Group will seek horizontal review for accessibility, internationalization, performance, privacy, and security with the relevant Working and Interest Groups, and with the TAG. Invitation for review must be issued during each major standards-track document transition, including FPWD and CR, and should be issued when major changes occur in a specification.
Additional technical coordination with the following Groups will be made, per the W3C Process Document:
- WebAssembly Community Group
- Coordination on seed specification to begin the standards process.
- Web Platform Working Group
- Coordination on WebAssembly-specific bindings to existing Web APIs (or interpreting existing WebIDL as it relates to WebAssembly).
- TC39 - ECMAScript Standards Body
To be successful, this Working Group is expected to have 6 or more active participants for its duration, including representatives from the key implementors of this specification, and active Editors and Test Leads for each specification. The Chairs, specification Editors, and Test Leads are expected to contribute half of a day per week towards the Working Group. There is no minimum requirement for other Participants.
The group encourages questions, comments and issues on its public mailing lists and document repositories, as described in Communication.
W3C Members are invited to join this Working Group. Individuals who wish to participate as Invited Experts (i.e., they do not represent a W3C Member) should refer to the policy for approval of Invited Experts. The group also welcomes non-Members to contribute technical submissions for consideration upon their agreement to the terms of the W3C Patent Policy.
Technical discussions for this Working Group are conducted in public: the meeting minutes from teleconferences and face-to-face meetings will be archived for public review, and technical discussions and issue tracking will be conducted in a manner that can be both read and written to by the general public. Working Drafts and Editor's Drafts of specifications will be developed in a public repository, and may permit direct public contribution requests. The group’s meetings themselves are not open to public participation, however.
Information about the group (including details about deliverables, issues, actions, status, participants, and meetings) will be available from the WebAssembly Working Group home page.
Most WebAssembly Working Group teleconferences will focus on discussion of particular specifications, and will be conducted on an as-needed basis.
This group primarily conducts its technical work on the public mailing list firstname.lastname@example.org (archive) and on GitHub issues. The public is invited to review, discuss and contribute to this work.
This group will seek to make decisions through consensus and due process, per the W3C Process Document (section 3.3). Typically, an editor or other participant makes an initial proposal, which is then refined in discussion with members of the group and other reviewers, and consensus emerges with little formal voting being required.
However, if a decision is necessary for timely progress, but consensus is not achieved after careful consideration of the range of views presented, the Chairs may call for a group vote, and record a decision along with any objections.
To afford asynchronous decisions and organizational deliberation, any resolution (including publication decisions) taken in a face-to-face meeting or teleconference will be considered provisional. A call for consensus (CfC) will be issued for all resolutions (for example, via email and/or web-based survey), with a response period from one week to 10 working days, depending on the chair's evaluation of the group consensus on the issue. If no objections are raised on the mailing list by the end of the response period, the resolution will be considered to have consensus as a resolution of the Working Group.
All decisions made by the group should be considered resolved unless and until new information becomes available, or unless reopened at the discretion of the Chairs or the Director.
This charter is written in accordance with the W3C Process Document (Section 3.4, Votes), and includes no voting procedures beyond what the Process Document requires.
This Working Group operates under the W3C Patent Policy (5 February 2004 Version). To promote the widest adoption of Web standards, W3C seeks to issue Recommendations that can be implemented, according to this policy, on a Royalty-Free basis. For more information about disclosure obligations for this group, please see the W3C Patent Policy Implementation.
This Working Group will use the W3C Software and Document license for all its deliverables.
About this Charter
This charter has been created according to section 5.2 of the Process Document. In the event of a conflict between this document or the provisions of any charter and the W3C Process, the W3C Process shall take precedence.