Sensor types

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Work done by other standard organisations

Go to SSN-XG_Liaison_activities for:

  • OGC-related info
  • information on other organisations working on sensor networks standards

Go to Metrology (hard and soft) for references on Measurement science

Sensors and Instruments

Lit surveys and course

Prof. Sergey Y. Yurish, International Frequency Sensor Association (IFSA) Smart Sensors Systems Design

Sensor Science - essentials for instrumentation and measurement technology Joseph McGhee, Ian A. Henderson and Peter H. Sydenham Journal Paper. Describes sensor systems, how they work and how to represent them.

P H Sydenham The literature of instrument science and technology J. Phys. E: Sci. Instrum., Vol. 15, 1982. Quite old but good discussion on why it is hard to classify instruments and good list of metrology references.

+ posts on SWE mailing list


WELMEC European cooperation in legal metrology


Space/remote sensing sensors

The CEOS-WMO Databases on observational requirements, instruments and reception systems maintained by the WMO Space Programme including tables which describes the observational requirements from WMO and other international organizations

Superseded by Dossier on the Space-based Component of the Global Observing System (GOS-2010)

Environmental monitoring and hydrological domains

WMO maintains a list of instruments in the HOMS website: and there is some useful background information in the Guide to Meteorological Instruments and Methods of Observation WMO-No. 8 (Seventh edition)

HMEI, the Association of Hydro-Meteorological Equipment Industry maintains a Member Product Catalogue

"The Hydraulic Instrumentation Section (HIS) of the International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research (IAHR) initiates an ambitious project for the benefit of the world-wide hydraulic engineering community and instrument manufacturers: The Instrumentation Database."

The Australian National Groundwater Data Standards (1999) contains a list of Equipment (and I'm looking for similar lists)

SWIFT-WFD : Screening methods for Water data InFormation in support of the implementation of the Water Framework Directive Research is a project supported by the European Commission under the 6th Framework Program which has published D5: A toolbox of existing and emerging methods for water monitoring under the WFD

AMMA-EU Database

  • D4.4.a : report on the list of variables and formats to be archived


C. Waldmann, M. Tamburri, R. D. Prien, and P. Fietzek Assessment of sensor performance Ocean Sci. Discuss., 6, 1687–1716, 2009

IODE Group of Experts on Biological and Chemical Data Management and Exchange Practices (GE-BICH) Fourth Session IOC Project Office for IODE Oostende, Belgium 27-30 January 2009

Industrial applications

For industrial applications (e.g. the ones covered by the STEP/express standards), GELLISH provides a large list of Electrical, Instrumentation, Control, IT, including Valves, Functions & Roles of Signals in (part 2)

Most of the interesting definitions from GELLISH are sourced from elsewhere, especially from the ISO 15926 standards.

ISO 15926 is titled: "Industrial automation systems and integration---Integration of life-cycle data for process plants including oil and gas production facilities" is a standard for data integration, sharing, exchange, and hand-over between computer systems.

The POSC CAESAR association has worked on ontologies versions of the ISO 15926 definitions

Sensor Network

L. Mottola and G. P. Picco. "Programming wireless sensor networks: Fundamental concepts and state of the art". ACM Computing Surveys, 2010. To Appear. (see also Wireless Sensor Networks Beyond Operating Systems: From Theory to Practice Tutorial during CPSWEEK 2010 )

For the XG group, we need to learn more about Sensor Networks Nodes and about the new classes of sensors which can be mounted on them, e.g. have more reports like this one: BC CARMS In Situ Sensors Sensor Networks and Webs Industry and Market Overview June 2006

Phillip Stanley-Marbell et al. System Models in Wireless Sensor Networks TU Eindhoven May 2008

Platform ontologies

The IOOS Registry lists the observation sources and platforms (instances, not types)

WMO-47 Metadata fields & descriptions, exchange formats and code tables Metadata Format Version 03 Prepared for the World Meteorological Organization by the JCOMM Ship Observations Team

System and Product ontologies

Using Mathematical and Scientific Markup as an Approach to Model Specification Points to SysML parametric diagram: used to express constraints (equations) between value properties (slide 9)

Systems Modeling Language (SysML) Specification version 0.85R1 DRAFT (2004) SysML Partners ( Parametrics - section 11 - page 73

OMG SysML, v1.2 Constraints blocks - section 10 - page 93

Steven Jenkins: Ontologies and Model-Based Systems Engineering 2010-03-10 (slides)

Steven Jenkins Nicolas Rouquette OWL Ontologies and SysML Profiles:Knowledge Representation and Modeling (slides)

Nicolas Rouquette, Principal Computer Scientist, Jet Propulsion Lab A Metamodeling Approach for Integrating OWL2 and SysML Presented at

Henson Graves Constructions for Modeling Product Structure

Henson Graves Logic for Modeling Product Structure (DL 2010)