This is a draft document supplied by the WCAG Techniques Task Force. It in no way represents a WCAG Working Group consensus or agreement and is provided for informational and discussion purposes only. The accessibility test listed below should not be construed as required for conformance with the proposed WCAG2.

HTML Test Suite for WCAG 2.0
Test 50 - Content contains a title element.

W3C Editor's Draft 2005-08-11

Chris Ridpath, ATRC, University Of Toronto
Jenae Andershonis, Microsoft Inc.


This test case was created by the ATRC at the University Of Toronto. It should not be construed as required for conformance with the proposed WCAG2.

The complete list of tests may be found at http://www.w3.org/WAI/GL/WCAG20/tests/

Comments on this test may be made to the WCAG mailing list.

Status Of This Test

As part of the conformance test process, this test has a status of 'accepted'.

WCAG2 Guideline

Guideline: 2.4 - Provide mechanisms to help users find content, orient themselves within it, and navigate through it.
Success Criteria: 3. Delivery units have descriptive titles How to provide descriptive titles . (Informative)

Level 3

The WCAG2 has 3 priority levels for making Web content accessible. This test has a priority of 'Level 3'.


The WCAG Working Group has created techniques that describe how Web content may be made accessible. The following techniques are related to this test:

Prerequisite Tests

There are no prerequisite tests for this test.

Test Process


  1. Check the contents of the head element for the presence of a title element.

Expected Results

  1. Content contains a title element.

Fail Instructions

  1. Create a valid title element within the head section of the content.

Pass Instructions

The following tests are related to this test and may be performed next. There is no requirement that these tests be performed:

  1. title is descriptive of the content.
  2. title contains text.

Test Files

These test files contain examples of the accessibility problem detectable by this test. They may also contain more accessibility problems than the one described in this test. Please ignore any extraneous accessibility problems in these files.

Valid XHTML 1.0!