This is a draft document supplied by the WCAG Techniques Task Force. It in no way represents a WCAG Working Group consensus or agreement and is provided for informational and discussion purposes only. The accessibility test listed below should not be construed as required for conformance with the proposed WCAG2.

HTML Test Suite for WCAG 2.0
Test 197 - All source anchors contain text that identifies the link destination.

W3C Editor's Draft 2005-08-11

Chris Ridpath, ATRC, University Of Toronto
Jenae Andershonis, Microsoft Inc.


This test case was created by the ATRC at the University Of Toronto. It should not be construed as required for conformance with the proposed WCAG2.

The complete list of tests may be found at http://www.w3.org/WAI/GL/WCAG20/tests/

Comments on this test may be made to the WCAG mailing list.

Status Of This Test

As part of the conformance test process, this test has a status of 'accepted'.

WCAG2 Guideline

Guideline: 3.2 - Make the placement and functionality of content predictable.
Success Criteria: consistent-behavior-target-identified

Level 2

The WCAG2 has 3 priority levels for making Web content accessible. This test has a priority of 'Level 2'.


The WCAG Working Group has created techniques that describe how Web content may be made accessible. The following techniques are related to this test:

Prerequisite Tests

The following tests must be run before running this test. If any of the prerequisite tests fail then this test is invalid and should not be run.

Test Process


  1. View the link text for each source a (anchor) element.
  2. Note: A source a (anchor) element must contain an href attribute.
  3. Note: The link text may be contained in the body text of the a (anchor) element or the Alt text of an image used as a link.

Expected Results

  1. Each source anchor contains text that identifies the link destination.

Fail Instructions

  1. Add text within the source anchor that identifies the link destination.

Pass Instructions

Any accessibility check may be performed after this test.

Test Files

These test files contain examples of the accessibility problem detectable by this test. They may also contain more accessibility problems than the one described in this test. Please ignore any extraneous accessibility problems in these files.

Valid XHTML 1.0!