This is a draft document supplied by the WCAG Techniques Task Force. It in no way represents a WCAG Working Group consensus or agreement and is provided for informational and discussion purposes only. The accessibility test listed below should not be construed as required for conformance with the proposed WCAG2.

HTML Test Suite for WCAG 2.0
Test 188 - Each label associated with an input element contains text.

W3C Editor's Draft 2005-08-11

Chris Ridpath, ATRC, University Of Toronto
Jenae Andershonis, Microsoft Inc.


This test case was created by the ATRC at the University Of Toronto. It should not be construed as required for conformance with the proposed WCAG2.

The complete list of tests may be found at http://www.w3.org/WAI/GL/WCAG20/tests/

Comments on this test may be made to the WCAG mailing list.

Status Of This Test

As part of the conformance test process, this test has a status of 'assigned'.

WCAG2 Guideline

Guideline: 1.1 - Provide text alternatives for all non-text content.
Success Criteria: 3. For non-text content that is intended to create a specific sensory experience , text alternatives at least identify the non-text content with a descriptive label. How to provide text alternatives for content that creates a specific sensory experience . (Informative)

Level 1

The WCAG2 has 3 priority levels for making Web content accessible. This test has a priority of 'Level 1'.


The WCAG Working Group has created techniques that describe how Web content may be made accessible. The following techniques are related to this test:

Prerequisite Tests

There are no prerequisite tests for this test.

Test Process


  1. Check the associated label for all input elements.
  2. Note: For information on what constitutes an associated label please see test 57.

Expected Results

  1. Each associated label is expected to contain at least one printable character.

Fail Instructions

  1. Add text to the input element's associated label.

Pass Instructions

Any accessibility check may be performed after this test.

Test Files

These test files contain examples of the accessibility problem detectable by this test. They may also contain more accessibility problems than the one described in this test. Please ignore any extraneous accessibility problems in these files.

Valid XHTML 1.0!