CSS3 Hyperlink Presentation Module

W3C Working Group Note 14 October 2014

This version:
Latest version:
Previous version:
Bert Bos <bert @w3.org>
Former editors:
Tantek Çelik
Daniel Glazman


This note replaces a draft specification for CSS features related to different ways of presenting hypertext. The specification is no longer being developed.

Status of this document

This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. A list of current W3C publications and the latest revision of this technical report can be found in the W3C technical reports index at http://www.w3.org/TR/.

Publication as a Working Group Note does not imply endorsement by the W3C Membership. This is a draft document and may be updated, replaced or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to cite this document as other than work in progress.

This document was produced by the CSS Working Group (part of the Style Activity).

The (archived) public mailing list www-style@w3.org (see instructions) is preferred for discussion of this document. When sending e-mail, please put the text “css3-hyperlinks” in the subject, preferably like this: “[css3-hyperlinks] …summary of comment…

This document was produced by a group operating under the 5 February 2004 W3C Patent Policy. W3C maintains a public list of any patent disclosures made in connection with the deliverables of the group; that page also includes instructions for disclosing a patent. An individual who has actual knowledge of a patent which the individual believes contains Essential Claim(s) must disclose the information in accordance with section 6 of the W3C Patent Policy.

This document is governed by the 1 August 2014 W3C Process Document.

This specification has been discontinued. At this point no further work is planned.

Table of contents

1. Summary

There are traditionally several ways to present the result of activating a hyperlink: the current document is replaced by the target document, the link is replaced by the text it points to, a dialog box pops up with the target text, a new window or “tab” is opened with the target document, etc. Some of that same behavior can also be used to present a single, long document in a clear way: a list is folded, a document is collapsed to show just the headings, a text is scaled down to a thumbnail view, a long paragraph is replaced by a shorter alternative (“stretch text”), etc.

There have been proposals to add these and other hypertext features to CSS. At the moment, they are not being developed.

Note that there are still a few features for interactive documents in Selectors [SELECT], in particular the pseudo-classes ‘:hover’ and ‘:focus’.

2. References

Informative references:

Tantek Çelik; et al. Selectors Level 3. 29 September 2011. W3C Recommendation. URL: http://www.w3.org/TR/2011/REC-css3-selectors-20110929/