Techniques for WCAG 2.0

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H25: Providing a title using the title element


HTML 4, XHTML 1.0 and XHTML 1.1

This technique relates to:


All HTML 4, XHTML 1.0 and XHTML 1.1 documents, including those in individual frames in a frameset, have a title element in the head section that defines in a simple phrase the purpose of the document. This helps users to orient themselves within the site quickly without having to search for orientation information in the body of the page.

Note that the (mandatory) title element, which only appears once in a document, is different from the title attribute, which may be applied to almost every HTML 4.01 element.


Example 1

This example defines a document's title.

<html xmlns="">   
      <title>The World Wide Web Consortium</title>     


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  1. Examine the source code of the HTML document and check that a non-empty title element appears in the head section.

  2. Check that the title element describes the document.

Expected Results