Aural Cascading Style Sheets (ACSS)

W3C Working Draft - 2 September 1999

This version:
Superseded by:
Latest version:
Previous version:
Chris Lilley, W3C
T. V. Raman, Adobe


This document describes style sheet properties for rendering Web documents as synthesized speech. Using style sheets rather than HTML tag extensions allows the same document to be read with visual, aural, or mulitmodal presentation without cluttering up the document or having to produce three (or more) separate parallel documents - which has been shown to result in consistency and update problems. This approach provides greatly improved document accessibility for visually disabled people (the information is better presented and is just as up-to-date as the visual version) without requiring compromises in the visual design of the document.

Status of this document

This document has been superseded.

The information in this document was incorporated into the CSS2 Recommendation, published 12 May 1998. The latest verison of the CSS2 Recommendation is available at http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-CSS2.

A list of current W3C Recommendations and other technical documents can be found at http://www.w3.org/TR.