# Math Activity Statement

Mathematics is an essential aspect of science
and education. So, to realize the potential of the Web for science, it
must be possible to use mathematics on the Web. Mathematical
expressions must move seamlessly between the Web and a wide range of
environments including authoring tools, content management systems,
XML-based work flows, e-learning environments, and scientific
computing software.

W3C brought together key players and major stake holders and formed
the Math Working Group. It created and maintains the Mathematical
Markup Language (MathML), a highly structured, information-rich, XML
encoding for mathematical expressions.

MathML facilitates authoring and presentation of mathematical
expressions in print and on the screen, and forms the basis for
machine to machine communication of mathematics on the Web. MathML
provides two sets of tags, one for the presentation of mathematics and
the other associated with the meaning behind equations. MathML is not
designed for hand-editing; specialized tools provide the means for
typing and editing mathematical expressions.

The MathML 1.0 Recommendation appeared on 7 April 1998. The latest
version, version 3.0, became a Recommendation on 21 October 2010. It
includes OpenMath Content Dictionaries, and
supports right-to-left writing, such as used in some countries with
Arabic script. The 2nd edition (10 April 2014) synchronized it with
Unicode 6.

## Highlights Since the Previous Advisory Committee Meeting

The Math WG finished the second edition of MathML 3 in April 2014, along with the second edition of XML Entity Definitions for
Characters. The new editions add no new capabilities, but
synchronize the specifications with Unicode (now version 6) and
enhance many examples. Also the description of how MathML integrates
with HTML is now much easier to follow.

## Upcoming Activity Highlights

The group continues to accompany the use of MathML in other W3C
technologies and maintain the MathML specifications and related
resources, as needed. The group may publish Notes (“best practices”)
from time to time, but no new deliverables are currently planned.

W3C submitted the MathML 3 Recommendation to ISO and the
specification is currently in ballot. It is expected to become an ISO
standard in 2015.

## Summary of Activity Structure

This Activity Statement was prepared for TPAC 2014 per section 5
of the W3C Process Document.
Generated
from group data.

*Bert Bos*, Math Activity Lead
Modified:
$Date: 2015/06/25 09:47:09 $