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W3C Process and Tools 101

Thomas Roessler <>

See also

These slides:

W3C Core Values

Nuts and Bolts: The Process

Process is based on experience. For each rule in the process, there is a story of what happened before that rule was there.


Working Group Mechanics


... and Culture.

Mailing list use

Tool support: Using IRC in meetings

Multimodal Interactions

Quick and dirty minutes, and how we do them: RRSAgent

It is better to have dirty minutes quickly than to have perfect minutes late.

Action tracking: trackbot

Issue tracking: bugzilla

Decision Making

The Process on Consensus

Consensus is a core value of W3C. To promote consensus, the W3C process requires Chairs to ensure that groups consider all legitimate views and objections, and endeavor to resolve them, whether these views and objections are expressed by the active participants of the group or by others (...). Decisions MAY be made during meetings (face-to-face or distributed) as well as through email. ...

1. Consensus: A substantial number of individuals in the set support the decision and nobody in the set registers a Formal Objection. Individuals in the set may abstain. Abstention is either an explicit expression of no opinion or silence by an individual in the set. ...

2. Dissent: At least one individual in the set registers a Formal Objection.

A "Formal Objection" means that a party wants the Director to review a technical decision at the next transition checkpoint.

Good Standing: Participation Expectations

The Process on Consensus, cont'd

"By default, the set of individuals eligible to participate in a decision is the set of group participants in Good Standing."

The Process on Standing

A participant MAY be declared in Bad Standing in any of the following circumstances:

Patent Policy

Last Call: "We think we're done"

Candidate Recommendation "Implementations, Please!"

Proposed Recommendation


Undust the bottles!

champagne bottles

These slides