The Protocols and Formats Working Group is no longer chartered to operate. Its work will continue in two new Working Groups:
- Accessible Platform Architectures, to review specifications, develop technical support materials, collaborate with other Working Groups on technology accessibility, and coordinate harmonized accessibility strategies within W3C; and
- Accessible Rich Internet Applications, to continue development of the Accessible Rich Internet Applications (WAI-ARIA) suite of technologies and other technical specifications when needed to bridge known gaps.
Resources from the PFWG remain available to support long-term institutional memory, but this information is of historical value only.
This Wiki page was edited by participants of the Protocols and Formats Working Group. It does not necessarily represent consensus and it may have incorrect information or information that is not supported by other Working Group participants, WAI, or W3C. It may also have some very useful information.
CSS/tactile braille and haptic
haptic Media Type to the
tactile Media Group
- tactile is defined as "capable of, allows for being touched"
- tactual is defined as "arising from or due to touch";
The definition of "tactual" corresponds to that portion of the tactile media group, which -- in order to differentiate it from braille -- is defined as material perceived by the sense of touch which requires no prior knowledge in order to be correctly perceived;
Having researched the meaning of the terms "tactile" and "tactual", "tactual" is the term which best expresses the difference between tactual media (which is intended to be conveyed via touch, but which requires no previous knowledge and does not represent a natural language), and braille, which is a tactile representation of a specific natural language (as well as specific natural language instances if the braille device being used supports natural language switching on-the-fly);
Janina Sajka pointed out that the words "tactile" and "tactual" are extremely similar in sound and overlap in meaning; it has been suggested by Stefan Schnabel that "tactual" be called "haptic"
There is precedent for the separation of "braille" from "haptic" as discrete media types, in that "audio" and "speech" are treated as discrete concepts. So, too, should "braille" and "haptic" be treated as the separate-but-related concepts they are. There is great room for flexibility in this realm, as braille stylesheets are -- for the most part, if not entirely -- theoretical constructs, despite the Braille Stylesheets Preliminary Requirements Analysis.
"tactile" as a media group covers both braile and tactual media, as both convey information through the sense of touch; therefore, it is proposed:
- CSS retain the media group "tactile";
- CSS add a new media type to the tectile media group, "haptic", to cover tactile media is not a representation of a natural language
CSS 2.1 defines the following media groups:
grid(for character grid devices), or
interactive(for devices that allow user interaction), or
static(for those that do not).
all(includes all media types)
CSS 2.1 defines the following media types:
- CSS proposal: retain tactile media group; add haptic to media types Gregory J. Rosmaita, 2010-11-01
- Re: CSS proposal: retain tactile media group; add haptic to media types Sally Cain, 2010-11-01
- CSS proposal: retain tactile media group; add haptic to media types Sally Cain (feedback from RNIB), 2011-02-16
- Braille is NOT a Sub-Set of Tactile (media types & media groups) Gregory J. Rosmaita, 2010-01-19
- Re: Braille is NOT a Sub-Set of Tactile (media types & media groups) Sally Cain, 2010-01-20
- Re: Braille is NOT a Sub-Set of Tactile (media types & media groups) Gregory J. Rosmaita, 2010-01-20