Some of the entries in this glossary are copied from a
guide by Kevin Hughes.
A network service that searches FTP sites for files.
Software that provides an interface to the World-Wide Web, or to
another information service. See also `client.'
The European collective of high-energy physics researchers
(European Organization for Nuclear Research).
A program that allows a group of people to communicate
interactively, often over a network. Every line they type is
echoed on the screens of each of the participants (cf. `talk')
A computer or program requests a service of another computer or
- client-server model
A structure in which programs use and provide distributed services.
Central Services Organization. A service which facilitates user
and address lookup in databases.
Campus-Wide Information System. A repository for information that
is of interest to people at some institution, also offering a way
to connect to information elsewhere.
A service that responds to queries and retrieves user information
File Transfer Protocol. A common method of transferring files
A program, running on some machine that accepts incoming requests
in one protocols and passes them on in another.
A versatile menu-driven information service.
The latest version of HTML.
A distributed hypertext system mostly popular in Europe.
A personal hypermedia/multimedia creation system for use on Apple
Connections between hypermedia or hypertext documents and other
Hypertext that includes or links to other forms of media.
Text that, when selected, has the ability to present connected
- HyperText Markup Language (HTML)
The standard language used for creating hypermedia documents
within the World-Wide Web.
- HyperText Transmission Protocol (HTTP)
The standard language that World-Wide Web clients and servers use
The global collective of computer networks.
A program that watches for incoming mail on a certain mailbox file
and forwards all messages to a list of addresses.
(Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions.) A standard format to allow
multimedia in mail messages.
A mouse-driven interface to the World-Wide Web developed by the
- National Center for Supercomputing Applications
(NCSA) A federally-funded organization in the USA whose mission is
to develop and research high-technology resources for the
The inventor of many common ideas related to hypertext, including
the word `hypertext' itself.
News Network Transfer Protocol. A common method by which articles
over Usenet are transferred. The document RFC1036 defines the
A page description language, accepted by many printers.
A program which provides a service to other client programs.
Standard Generalized Markup Language. A generic language for
- Serial Line Internet Protocol (SLIP)
A protocol that allows Internet connections over serial (i.e.,
- Software Design Group
The group within NCSA that is responsible for designing computer
A program that allows two people to write messages directly to
each others screens, over a network (cf. `chat'.
A common campus-wide information system developed at MIT.
- Text Encoding Initiative (TEI)
An effort to create a large, flexible SGML DTD for coding
various types written texts.
A program which allows users to remotely use computers across
- Tim Berners-Lee
The inventor of the World-Wide Web.
- Uniform Resource Locators (URLs)
Standardized formatted entities within HTML documents which
specify a network service or document to link to.
The global news-reading network.
- Vannevar Bush
Originator of the concept of hypertext.
A network service that allows users to search Gopher systems for
Wide-Area Information Service. A service which allows users to
intelligently search for information among databases distributed
throughout the Internet.
A name lookup service.
- World-Wide Web
The initiative to create a universal, hypermedia-based method of
access to information.
A standard which defines electronic mail directory services.
Mostly used in Europe.