For those who want details for some reason. This is more or less a collection of everything which has been asked for to date.
In 1989, while working at at CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland, Tim Berners-Lee proposed a global hypertext project, to be known as the World Wide Web. Based on the earlier "Enquire" work, it was designed to allow people to work together by combining their knowledge in a web of hypertext documents. He wrote the first World Wide Web server, "httpd", and the first client, "WorldWideWeb" a what-you-see-is-what-you-get hypertext browser/editor which ran in the NeXTStep environment. This work was started in October 1990, and the program "WorldWideWeb" first made available within CERN in December, and on the Internet at large in the summer of 1991.
Through 1991 and 1993, Tim continued working on the design of the Web, coordinating feedback from users across the Internet. His initial specifications of URIs, HTTP and HTML were refined and discussed in larger circles as the Web technology spread.
Tim Berners-Lee graduated from the Queen's College at Oxford University, England, 1976. Whilst there he built his first computer with a soldering iron, TTL gates, an M6800 processor and an old television.
He spent two years with Plessey Telecommunications Ltd (Poole, Dorset, UK) a major UK Telecom equipment manufacturer, working on distributed transaction systems, message relays, and bar code technology.
In 1978 Tim left Plessey to join D.G Nash Ltd (Ferndown, Dorset, UK), where he wrote among other things typesetting software for intelligent printers, and a multitasking operating system.
A year and a half spent as an independent consultant included a six month stint (Jun-Dec 1980) as consultant software engineer at CERN. Whilst there, he wrote for his own private use his first program for storing information including using random associations. Named "Enquire" and never published, this program formed the conceptual basis for the future development of the World Wide Web.
From 1981 until 1984, Tim worked at John Poole's Image Computer Systems Ltd, with technical design responsibility. Work here included real time control firmware, graphics and communications software, and a generic macro language. In 1984, he took up a fellowship at CERN, to work on distributed real-time systems for scientific data acquisition and system control. Among other things, he worked on FASTBUS system software and designed a heterogeneous remote procedure call system.
In 1994, Tim founded the World Wide Web Consortium at the then Laboratory for Computer Science (LCS) which merged with the Artificial Intelligence Lab in 2003 to become the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He is Emeritus Director and an Honorary Member of the Board of Directors of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), a Web standards organization which develops interoperable technologies (specifications, guidelines, software, and tools) to lead the Web to its full potential.
In 1999, he became the first holder of 3Com
Founders chair at MIT.
In 2008 he was named 3COM Founders Professor of Engineering in the School
of Engineering, with a joint appointment in the Department of Electrical
Engineering and Computer Science at CSAIL where he is now Professor Emeritus. He also lead the
Decentralized Information Group (DIG).
Co-Chaired by Dr. Lalana Kagal, the DIG Research Group works on projects
including: how to re-decentralize the Web and help radically change the
way Web applications work today, resulting in true data ownership; working
to ensure the rights of users in big data and analytics and systems; as
well as harnessing mobile technologies to aid during disaster relief and
The Decentralized Information Group, works on the Solid Project to give people control of their own data and to re-decentralize the Web. He is the co-founder and CTO of inrupt, the company launched to ensure the success of the Solid platform and its open source community, and to build the ecosystem that supports it.
In 2016, Sir Tim joined the Computer Science Department at the University of Oxford as a Professor.
In 2009 he founded and became Director of the World Wide Web Foundation. The Web Foundation is a non-profit organisation devoted to achieving a world in which all people can use the Web to communicate, collaborate and innovate freely. The Web Foundation works to fund and coordinate efforts to defend the Open Web and further its potential to benefit humanity.
In June 2009 then Prime Minister Gordon Brown announced that he would work with the UK Government to help make data more open and accessible on the Web, building on the work of the Power of Information Task Force. Sir Tim was a member of The Public Sector Transparency Board tasked to drive forward the UK Government's transparency agenda. He has promoted open government data globally, and was a member of the UK's Transparency Board.
In 2011 he was named to the Board of Trustees of the Ford
Foundation, a globally oriented private foundation with the mission
of advancing human welfare. He is President of the UK's Open
Data Institute which he founded with Sir Nigel Shadbolt in 2012 to
catalyse open data for economic, environmental, and social value.
He is the author, with Mark Fischetti, of the 1999 book "Weaving
the Web" on the the past present and future of the Web.
On March 18 2013, Sir Tim, along with Vinton Cerf, Robert Kahn, Louis Pouzin and Marc Andreesen, was awarded the Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering for "ground-breaking innovation in engineering that has been of global benefit to humanity."
On 4 April 2017, Sir Tim was awarded the ACM A.M. Turing Prize for inventing the World Wide Web, the first web browser, and the fundamental protocols and algorithms allowing the Web to scale. The Turing Prize, called the "Nobel Prize of Computing" is considered one of the most prestigious awards in Computer Science.
Berners-Lee, T.J., et al, "World-Wide Web: Information Universe", Electronic Publishing: Research, Applications and Policy, April 1992.
Berners-Lee T.J., et al, "The World Wide Web", Communications of the ACM, Volume 37 Issue 8, August 1994, Pages 76-82
Tim Berners-Lee with Mark Fischetti, Weaving the Web, Harper San Francisco, 1999
Tim Berners-Lee, Dan Connolly, Ralph R. Swick "Web Architecture: Describing and Exchanging Data", W3C Note, 1999/6-7.
Berners-Lee, Tim. and Hendler, James "Publishing on the Semantic Web", Nature, April 26 2001 p. 1023-1025.
Berners-Lee, Tim; Hendler, James and Lassila, Ora "The Semantic Web", Scientific American, May 2001, p. 29-37.
James Hendler, Tim Berners-Lee and Eric Miller, 'Integrating
Applications on the Semantic Web', Journal of the Institute
of Electrical Engineers of Japan,
Vol 122(10), October, 2002, p. 676-680
Hendler, J., Berners-Lee, T.J., and Miller, E., ' Integrating Applications on the Semantic Web ', Journal of the Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan, Vol 122(10), October, 2002, p. 676-680.
Nigel Shadbolt, Wendy Hall, Tim Berners-Lee, "The Semantic Web Revisited", IEEE Intelligent Systems Journal, May/June 2006, pp 96-101
Web Science Workshop Report, 12th-13th September, 2005. Hosted by the British Computer Society, London
Tim Berners-Lee, Wendy Hall, James Hendler, Nigel Shadbolt, Daniel J. Weitzner, Enhanced: Creating a Science of the Web, Science Vol. 313, 11 August 2006, pp. 769-771
Tim-Berners Lee, Wendy Hall, James A. Hendler, Kieron O'Hara, Nigel Shadbolt and Daniel J. Weitzner, A Framework for Web Science, Foundations and Trends in Web Science, Volume 1, Issue 1 (also available as a book: ISBN: 1-933019-33-6 144pp September 2006)
Nigel Shadbolt, Tim Berners-Lee "Web Science: Studying the Internet to Protect Our Future", Scientific American, Vol. 299, No. 4, P. 76, October 2008
Christian Bizer, Tom Heath, Tim Berners-Lee, "Linked Data - The Story So Far" (pdf), International Journal on Semantic Web and Information Systems (IJSWIS), 5(3): 1-22. DOI: 10.4018/jswis.2009081901, 2009
Tim Berners-Lee, "Long Live the Web: A Call for Continued Open Standards and Neutrality", Scientific America, Vol. 22, November 2010
The Queen's College, Oxford University, England, BA Hons (I) Physics, 1973-1976.
Emanuel School, London 1969-73
Born London, England, 8 June 1955. Married to Rosemary Leith.
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