slide 43
Copyright © 2005 W3C (MIT, ERCIM, Keio)
Don't forget your scripting
Separating content & presentation
function makeList () {
var headings = document.getElementsByTagName( 'h2' );
var div = document.createElement( 'div' );
div.setAttribute( ' id ' , 'testList' );
var title = div.appendChild(document.createElement( 'div' ));
title.appendChild(document.createTextNode( 'Tests on this page:' ));
for (i=0;i<headings.length;i++) {
var test = div.appendChild(document.createElement( 'p' ));
body = document.getElementsByTagName( 'body' )[0];
body.insertBefore( div, body.firstChild );
div # testList {
float: right;
width: 20%;
padding: 1em;
border: 1px solid teal;
background-color: #FFCC99;
font-size: 90%;
margin: 1em;
color: #996633;
div # testList div {
font-weight: bold;
see also: Dom Scripting, Jeremy Keith
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Slide 43 of 81
This version of the same function shows a much better approach. We assign an id attribute to the box, then move all the styling information to a CSS file, referencing the markup via the id. This makes the code much cleaner and makes it easier to manage the styling.
Again, this technique is recommended as a standard best practice in Jeremy Keith's book Dom Scripting (which contains many other useful ideas along similar lines). It is another good example of how good web design benefits localization.