www.w3.org on your laptop
For testing purposes, it is often useful to use one's local machine and CVS checkout as a local, simplified mirror of www.w3.org, where you can test pages and scripts before commiting them to CVS.
This can be achieved by having a local instance of the apache server using the CVS local copy as Root Directory.
This guide assumes you have a working copy of W3C's CVS. If not, refer to SettingUpSshCvs first.
DNS (optional, but recommended)
Because a number of links will be absolute (e.g /WAI/ instead of ../../WAI) it is important that the root of the local site and that of W3C's coincide. So for instance, serving a CVS checkout from http://localhost/w3c/ will not work.
For that purpose, one can tweak the local hosts resolution config to use e.g w3c.localhost as an alias to localhost or 127.0.0.1:
- Linux: edit /etc/hosts
- Mac: start the NetInfo Manager, go to "machines", duplicate the entry for localhost, rename it as you wish (I named it w3c.localhost)
- Windows: @@ @@
Setting apache to be a simplified mirror of w3c basically involves setting a proper DocumentRoot. There are a few other tricks.
If you have used the DNS trick described above, you will want to use Apache's VirtualHost feature, as follows:
<VirtualHost 127.0.0.1> DocumentRoot /your/path/to/cvscheckout/WWW ServerName w3c.localhost </VirtualHost>
A basic apache config will not have ACLs installed, so you want to protect this new server from curious eyes. Use at least some IP filtering:
<Directory /your/path/to/cvscheckout/WWW> Order deny,allow Deny from all Allow from 127.0.0.1 </Directory>
(and set up a password too with htpasswd if you feel like it)
Restart apache. You can now access a "fake" W3C site at http://w3c.localhost