From W3C Wiki
- Use case
An appropriate Web self-publishing tool can permit author/researchers publishing of scientific articles both as text form human reading and in machine readable format for software agents processing. Knowledge can thus be extracted and represented. Knowledge unit is a proposition corresponding to the hypothesis element of the Scientific Methodology. A hypothesis is a (new) relation between phenomena, expressed as a, for example, a causal relation between concepts in a domain. A hypothesis has the following format that can be extracted and marked up:
<antecedent>to smoke</antecedent>, <type_of_relation>causes</type_of_relation>, <consequent>pulmonary carcinoma</consequent>.
This can permit semantic retrieval queries as:
- What other antecedents can cause pulmonary carcinoma? What other diseases to smoke can cause?
- Note by C. H. Marcondes: Hypothesis are embedded in a reasoning procedure which implies a reasoning method used in the text of a scientific article. Reasoning methods in articles can be theoretical-adductive, experimental-inductive or experimental-deductive. Theoretical-abductive articles analyze different previous hypothesis, show their faults and limitations and propose a new hypothesis. Experimental-inductive articles propose a hypothesis and develop experiments to test and validate it. Experimental-deductive articles use hypothesis proposed by other researchers and, apply it to a slightly different context and also develop experiments to test and validate it.