This is a draft document supplied by the WCAG Techniques Task Force. It in no way represents a WCAG Working Group consensus or agreement and is provided for informational and discussion purposes only. The accessibility test listed below should not be construed as required for conformance with the proposed WCAG2.

HTML Test Suite for WCAG 2.0
Test 70 - menu items should not be used to format text.

W3C Editor's Draft 2005-08-11

Chris Ridpath, ATRC, University Of Toronto
Jenae Andershonis, Microsoft Inc.


This test case was created by the ATRC at the University Of Toronto. It should not be construed as required for conformance with the proposed WCAG2.

The complete list of tests may be found at http://www.w3.org/WAI/GL/WCAG20/tests/

Comments on this test may be made to the WCAG mailing list.

Status Of This Test

As part of the conformance test process, this test has a status of 'rejected'.

WCAG2 Guideline

This test is not required for conformance to the current WCAG2. It is provided for discussion and informational purposes only.


There are no techniques related to this test.

Prerequisite Tests

There are no prerequisite tests for this test.

Test Process


  1. Check each menu element in the content.
  2. Count the number of li elements contained by the menu element.
  3. If the menu element contains only one li element then check if the li element is really a list item.
  4. li elements may be misused to format text.

Expected Results

  1. li elements are really list items and not used to format text.

Fail Instructions

  1. Remove the menu and li elements and replace them with other markup that properly formats the text.

Pass Instructions

Any accessibility check may be performed after this test.

Valid XHTML 1.0!