Plenary at WWW Geneva 94

This is an incomplete collection of slides which I promised to put on the web and didn't get around to for a long while -- sorry! [These are from my talk a the very first International World Wide Web Conference, at CERN, Geneva, Switzerland, in September 1994. This was the conference at which the formation of W3C was announced].

The images are available multiple formats. If you can't see them properly, see the diagnostics page.

W3 future directions

Real Time

on the need for a more collaborative space, with synchronous colboration and annotation

Conferencing, Internet talk, IR

The Need for Semantics in the Web

Let me go into one future development direction in more detail. This is an arbitrary choice, perhaps because it is an issue which has been covered less than some of the others.

This is the classic picture of hypertext which used to be a part of talks in the days when we had to explain what hypertext is. The web is a set of nodes and links.

To a user, this has become an exciting world, but there is very little machine-readable information there. The meaning of the documents is clear to those with a grasp of (normally) English, and the significance of the links is only evident from the context around the anchor.

To a computer, then, the web is a flat, boring world devoid of meaning.

This is a pity, as in fact documents on the web describe real objects and imaginary concepts, and give particular relationships between them.

For example, a document might describe a person. The title document to a house describes a house and also the ownership relation with a person.

Adding semantics to the web involves two things: allowing documents which have information in machine-readable forms, and allowing links to be created with relationship values. Only when we have this extra level of semantics will we be able to use computer power to help us exploit the information to a greater extent than our own reading.

An important effect of developing security protocols on the web is the abstract space of web information is linked to reality. By taking verifiable responsibility for web statements, a party guarantees an isomorphism between the web and reality.

This means that machines, as well as operating on the web information, can do real things. For example, a program could search for a house and negotiate transfer of ownership of the house to a new owner. The land registry guarantees that the title actually represents reality.

Creative Commons BY licencelicenced with attribution: [Tim Berners-Lee 1994,]