q element represents
content quoted from another source.
Quotation punctuation (such as quotation marks) that is quoting
the contents of the element must not appear immediately before,
after, or inside
q elements; they will be inserted into the
rendering by the user agent.
Content inside a
q element must be quoted from another source,
whose address, if it has one, may be cited in the
attribute. The source may be fictional, as when quoting characters
in a novel or screenplay.
cite attribute is present, it must be a
potentially surrounded by spaces.
q element must not be used in place of quotation
marks that do not represent quotes; for example, it is
inappropriate to use the
q element for marking up sarcastic
The use of
q elements to mark up quotations is entirely
optional; using explicit quotation punctuation without
q elements is just as correct.
Here is a simple example of the use of the
<p>The man said <q>Things that are impossible just take longer</q>. I disagreed with him.</p>
Here is an example with both an explicit citation link in the
q element, and an explicit citation outside:
<p>The W3C page <cite>About W3C</cite> says the W3C's mission is <q cite="http://www.w3.org/Consortium/">To lead the World Wide Web to its full potential by developing protocols and guidelines that ensure long-term growth for the Web</q>. I disagree with this mission.</p>
In the following example, the quotation itself contains a quotation:
<p>In <cite>Example One</cite>, he writes <q>The man said <q>Things that are impossible just take longer</q>. I disagreed with him</q>. Well, I disagree even more!</p>
In the following example, quotation marks are used instead of
<p>His best argument was ❝I disagree❞, which I thought was laughable.</p>
In the following example, there is no quote — the quotation
marks are used to name a word. Use of the
q element in this case would be
<p>The word "ineffable" could have been used to describe the disaster resulting from the campaign's mismanagement.</p>